Friday 31 December 1993
Deaths: Lucius Aelius Aurelius Commodus, Roman emperor, 192; John Wycliffe, Protestant reformer, 1384; Thomas Erastus, physician, 1583; Giovanni Alfonso Borelli, mathematician, 1679; Catherine of Braganza, wife of Charles II, 1705; John Flamsteed, first Astronomer Royal, 1719; William Gifford, editor, author and satirist, 1826; Stephanie-Felicite, Comtesse de Genlis, author, 1830; Gustave Courbet, painter, 1877; Sir Frank Robert Benson, actor-manager, 1939; Edward Keble Chatterton, author of books about ships, 1944; Sir Malcolm Campbell, speedster on land and water, 1948; Charles Koechlin, composer, 1950; Maxim Maximovich Litvinov (Wallach), statesman, 1951; Ray Henderson (Raymond Brost), popular composer, 1970; Cyril Meir Scott, composer, 1970; Sir Gerald Festus Kelly, artist, 1972; Canon Lewis John Collins, peace campaigner, 1982; Rick Nelson, pop singer, killed 1985; Sam Spiegel, film producer, 1985.
On this day: the Honourable East India Company was chartered by Queen Elizabeth I, 1600; the first Huguenots left France, bound for South Africa, 1687; a window tax was imposed in England, 1695; under the Treaty of Bassein, the Peshwa of Poona surrendered independence to the East India Company, 1802; Napoleon abolished the use of the Revolutionary Calendar, 1805; Ottawa was chosen by Queen Victoria as the capital of Canada, 1857; Thomas Alva Edison demonstrated his incandescent lamp, 1879; the Lyceum Theatre's present building opened, 1904; Dr Sun Yat-sen was declared the President of the Republic of China, 1911; HMS Natal was blown up in port with the loss of 300 lives, 1915; the Allies issued an ultimatum to Greece for the withdrawal of forces from Thessaly, 1916; prohibition came into force in Canada, 1917; the chimes of Big Ben were broadcast for the first time, 1923; the first successful shortwave radio programme was received in Britain from KDKA Pittsburgh, 1923; Crown Prince Carol of Romania renounced the throne in favour of his son Michael, 1925; the British Army abandoned the use of the lance, except for ceremonial use, 1927; in Britain, fire-watching became compulsory, 1940; the Home Guard was disbanded, 1945; the farthing ceased to be legal currency, 1960; the Central African Federation (Rhodesia and Nyasaland) was dissolved, 1963.
Today is Hogmanay in Scotland and the Feast Day of St Columba of Sens, St John-Francis Regis, St Melania the Younger and St Silvester I, pope.
- 1 What if 35 Palestinians had died, and 800 Israelis?
- 2 Disney heiress Abigail disowns her share of family profits in West Bank company
- 3 The secret report that helps Israel hide facts
- 4 'Women should not laugh in public,' says Turkey's Deputy Prime Minister in morality speech
- 5 Ross Burden dead: MasterChef and Ready Steady Cook star dies at age 45 after suffering from cancer
A former custard factory, a Midlands bog and a Leeds cemetery all included in top 50 hidden spots in the UK
Disney heiress Abigail disowns her share of family profits in West Bank company
'Women should not laugh in public,' says Turkey's Deputy Prime Minister in morality speech
Richard Dawkins tweets: 'Date rape is bad, stranger rape is worse'
Ross Burden dead: MasterChef and Ready Steady Cook star dies at age 45 after suffering from cancer
The secret report that helps Israel hide facts
A day in the life of Vladimir Putin: The dictator in his labyrinth
Woman and two children killed by mob in riots over 'blasphemous' Facebook post in Pakistan
Putin is 'thuggish, dishonest and reckless', says British ambassador to US
A new Russian revolution: The cracks are starting to appear in Putin’s Kremlin power bloc
Were 'Poor Doors' added to mixed developments so wealthy residents don't have to go in alongside social housing tenants?
- < Previous
- Next >
£350 - £400 per annum + competitive: Orgtel: Project Manager (specializing in ...
£30000 - £34000 Per Annum 25 days holiday, Private healthcare: Clearwater Peop...
Unpaid: Cancer Research UK: If you’re a professional in project management, lo...
£85 - £140 per day: Randstad Education Cheshire: We require a teacher of Geogr...