Click to follow
The Independent Online
Births: Marie de Rabutin-Chantal, Marquise de Sevigne writer, 1626; James Otis, Amer,ican lawyer, 1725; John Lingard, historian, 1771; Sir Robert Peel, statesman, 1788; John Lindley, botanist, 1799; Ole Borneman Bull, violinist and composer, 1810; Thomas Creswick, painter, 1811; Dwight Lyman Moody, evangelist, 1837; Sir Hiram Stevens Maxim, inventor, 1840; John Boyd Dunlop, inventor of the pneumatic tyre, 1840; Franklin Taylor, pianist, teacher and translator, 1843; Joris Karl Huysmans, writer, 1848; Luigi Mancinelli, conductor and composer, 1848; Sir Arthur Keith, anthropologist, 1866; Sir William Newzam Prior Nicholson, painter and engraver, 1872; 'Patsy' Elias H. Hendren, cricketer, 1889; Adlai Ewing Stevenson, statesman and ambassador, 1900.

Deaths: Giambattista Moroni, portrait painter, 1578; Joost van den Vondel, poet and playwright, 1679; Philipp Jakob Spener, Protestant theologian, 1705; Pasquale di Paoli, Corsican patriot, 1807; Henry Crabb Robinson, diarist and lawyer, 1867; Thomas Carlyle, author and historian, 1881; Anton Mauve, landscape painter, 1888; William Morris Davis, founder of geomorphology, 1934; Andrew Barton 'Banjo' Paterson, journalist and poet, 1941; George Arliss (George Augustus Andrews), actor, 1946; Henry Major Tomlinson, novelist and essayist, 1958; Jacques Ibert, composer, 1962; Marianne Craig Moore, poet, 1972; Emeric Pressburger, film producer, 1988.

On this day: Lord George Gordon was acquitted of treason, 1781; the Spanish captured Minorca from the British, 1782; the Prince of Wales ('Prinny') was declared Prince Regent, 1811; Rossini's opera The Barber of Seville was first performed, Rome 1816; Charles XIV was proclaimed King of Sweden, 1818; Verdi's opera Otello was first performed, Milan 1887; the first London performance of the comic opera Maid Marian (Robin Hood) was staged, 1891; in Russia, Church and State were officially separated, 1918; 166 US lives were lost after the Anchor liner Tuscania was torpedoed off Ireland, 1918; the Royal Air Force College at Cranwell was founded, 1920; the Globe newspaper was last issued, 1921; the 'Corporative State' was established in Italy, 1934; the first London performance of the musical show On Your Toes was staged, 1937; US troops under General MacArthur entered Manila, the Philippines 1945; the Sunday Telegraph was first published, 1961; the British airline Laker Airways collapsed with debts of 270m, 1982; Klaus Barbie, a Nazi war criminal, was flown to France to face charges, 1983.

Today is the Feast Day of St Adelaide of Bellich, St Agatha, St Avitus of Vienne, St Bertulph or Bertoul of Renty, Saints Indractus and Dominica and St Vodalus or Voel.