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Births: Bernard de Montfaucon, critic and classical scholar, 1655; Charles-Louis de Secondat, Baron de Montesquieu, philosopher, 1689; Peter Mark Roget, lexicographer, 1779; Charles John Kean, actor, 1811; Alan Alexander Milne, author, 1882; Arthur Ransome, critic and writer of children's books, 1884; Antoine Pevsner, sculptor, 1886; Cary Grant (Archibald Alexander Leach), actor, 1904; William Sansom, author, 1912.

Deaths: Marquis de Louvois, statesman, 1639; Jan van Riebeck, founder of Cape Town, 1677; Sir Daniel Mcnee, portrait painter, 1882; Joseph Rudyard Kipling, author, 1936; Sir Frederick Pollock, professor of law, 1937; Sydney Greenstreet, actor, 1954; George Morrow, illustrator, 1955; Hugh Todd Naylor Gaitskell, statesman, 1963; Malcolm Henry Ellis, historian, 1964; Sir Cecil Beaton, designer and photographer, 1980; John Frederick, Baron Wolfenden, social reformer, 1985.

On this day: Henry VII of Lancaster and Elizabeth of York were married, 1486; Lima, capital of Peru, was founded by Pizarro, 1535; Gorboduc, by Sackville and Norton, the first English tragedy, was performed, 1561; Captain Cook discovered the Sandwich Islands (Hawaii), 1778; the German Reich or Empire was proclaimed in the Hall of Mirrors, Versailles, 1871; Wilhelm of Prussia was proclaimed the first German Emperor, 1871; the first building of the Prince of Wales's Theatre opened as the Prince's Theatre, London, 1884; the Peace Conference opened at Versailles, 1919.

Today is the Feast Day of St Peter's Chair, Rome, St Desle or Deicolus, St Prisca or Priscilla and St Volusian.