Saturday 12 June 1993
Births: Sir Richard Fanshawe, diplomat, translator and poet, baptised 1608; Harriet Martineau, novelist and historian, 1802; John Augustus Roebling, engineer, 1806; Charles Kingsley, novelist, 1819; Rikard Nordraak, composer and folksong collector, 1842; Robert Anthony Eden, first Earl of Avon, statesman, 1897; Anne Frank, diarist, 1929.
Deaths: William Collins, poet, 1759; Thomas Arnold, educationist, 1842; Sydney Howard, comedian, 1946; John Nicholson Ireland, composer, 1962; Sir Herbert Read, poet and critic, 1968; Edmund Wilson, novelist, playwright and poet, 1972; Dame Marie Rambert (Cyvia Rambam), ballet producer, director and teacher, 1982.
On this day: Magdalen College, Oxford, was founded, 1458; the library of John Cotton was presented to the nation (it now forms part of the British Library), 1700; the Act of Settlement was passed, 1701; the first electric telegraph was patented by Sir William Cooke and Sir Charles Wheatstone, 1837; the Rotherhithe-Stepney Tunnel beneath the Thames was opened, 1908; in Greece, King Constantine abdicated in favour of his second son, Alexander, 1917; the London production of the musical show Hold Everything] opened, 1929; the Beatles were each appointed MBE in the Birthday Honours, 1965; Boris Yeltsin was elected president of the Russian Republic, 1991.
Today: is the Feast Day of St Eskill, St John of Sahagun, St Leo III, pope, St Odulphus, St Onuphrius and St Ternan.
Births: Philip the Good, Duke of Burgundy, 1396; Wenzel Hollar, etcher, 1607; (Frances) Fanny Burney (Madame D'Arblay), novelist and diarist, 1752; Thomas Young, linguist and physicist, translator of the demotic inscriptions of the Rosetta Stone, 1773; Dr Thomas Arnold, Head of Rugby School, 1795; Edward Francis Rimbault, musical historian, 1816; James Clerk Maxwell, physicist, 1831; Charles Algernon Parsons, inventor of the steam turbine, 1854; William Butler Yeats, poet, 1865; Jules Bordet, bacteriologist, 1870; Elisabeth Schumann, operatic soprano, 1885; Basil Rathbone, actor, 1892; Dorothy Leigh Sayers, writer, 1893; Carlos Antonio de Padua Chavez, conductor and composer, 1899.
Deaths: Alexander the Great, 323 BC; Simon Tissot, Swiss physician, 1797; Richard Lovell Edgeworth, educationist and inventor, 1817; Mikhail Alexandrovich Bakunin, anarchist, 1876; Ludwig II (Otto Friedrich Wilhelm II), King of Bavaria, committed suicide by drowning 1886; Sir Henry (O'Neal de Hane) Segrave, racing motorist, killed 1930; Gaston-Pierre-Etienne Flandin, statesman, 1958; Sir Eugene Aynesley Goossens, conductor and composer, 1962; Martin Buber, philosopher, 1965; Georg von Bekesy, physiologist, 1972; King Khalid of Saudi Arabia, 1982; Benjamin David (Benny) Goodman, clarinettist and bandleader, 1986.
On this day: the Boxer Rebellion started in China when rebels besieged foreign legations, 1900; the first V-1 flying-bombs fell on London, 1944; the last British troops left the base of Suez, 1956; Mrs Geraldine Brodrick of Sydney, Australia, gave birth to nonuplets (nine children, of whom two boys and four girls survived), 1971; inflation in Britain reached 25 per cent, 1975; six shots from a blank cartridge pistol were fired at the Queen in the Mall by a 17-year-old youth, 1981; John Paul Getty II presented pounds 20m to the National Gallery to start an endowment fund, 1985; the Queen bestowed the title 'Princess Royal' on Princess Anne, 1987.
Tomorrow is the Feast Day of St Antony of Padua, St Aquilina, St Felicula and St Triphyllius.
- 1 Isis burns thousands of books and rare manuscripts from Mosul's libraries
- 2 Scarlett Johansson new band 'already hit with legal complaint' from another The Singles
- 3 Husband and wife die holding hands within hours of each other after 67 years of marriage
- 4 The remarkable archaeological underwater discovery that could open up a new chapter in the study of European and British prehistory
- 5 'Jihadi John': CAGE representative storms off Sky News accusing Kay Burley of Islamaphobia
Liam Gallagher brands Kanye West 'utter s**t' during BRIT Awards performance
Isis burns thousands of books and rare manuscripts from Mosul's libraries
Husband and wife die holding hands within hours of each other after 67 years of marriage
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Mohammed Emwazi: Nine things we know about man named as Isis militant 'Jihadi John'
Oscars 2015: Birdman beats Boyhood as Eddie Redmayne and Patricia Arquette win big - as it happened
New theory could prove how life began and disprove God
Half of Ukip voters say they are prejudiced against people of other races
'Cash for access' scandal: Sir Malcolm Rifkind says 'unrealistic' for MPs to live on £67,000 salary
Aqsa Mahmood branded a 'disgrace' by her parents after claims she recruited three UK girls flying to Middle East
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