Saturday 12 June 1993
Births: Sir Richard Fanshawe, diplomat, translator and poet, baptised 1608; Harriet Martineau, novelist and historian, 1802; John Augustus Roebling, engineer, 1806; Charles Kingsley, novelist, 1819; Rikard Nordraak, composer and folksong collector, 1842; Robert Anthony Eden, first Earl of Avon, statesman, 1897; Anne Frank, diarist, 1929.
Deaths: William Collins, poet, 1759; Thomas Arnold, educationist, 1842; Sydney Howard, comedian, 1946; John Nicholson Ireland, composer, 1962; Sir Herbert Read, poet and critic, 1968; Edmund Wilson, novelist, playwright and poet, 1972; Dame Marie Rambert (Cyvia Rambam), ballet producer, director and teacher, 1982.
On this day: Magdalen College, Oxford, was founded, 1458; the library of John Cotton was presented to the nation (it now forms part of the British Library), 1700; the Act of Settlement was passed, 1701; the first electric telegraph was patented by Sir William Cooke and Sir Charles Wheatstone, 1837; the Rotherhithe-Stepney Tunnel beneath the Thames was opened, 1908; in Greece, King Constantine abdicated in favour of his second son, Alexander, 1917; the London production of the musical show Hold Everything] opened, 1929; the Beatles were each appointed MBE in the Birthday Honours, 1965; Boris Yeltsin was elected president of the Russian Republic, 1991.
Today: is the Feast Day of St Eskill, St John of Sahagun, St Leo III, pope, St Odulphus, St Onuphrius and St Ternan.
Births: Philip the Good, Duke of Burgundy, 1396; Wenzel Hollar, etcher, 1607; (Frances) Fanny Burney (Madame D'Arblay), novelist and diarist, 1752; Thomas Young, linguist and physicist, translator of the demotic inscriptions of the Rosetta Stone, 1773; Dr Thomas Arnold, Head of Rugby School, 1795; Edward Francis Rimbault, musical historian, 1816; James Clerk Maxwell, physicist, 1831; Charles Algernon Parsons, inventor of the steam turbine, 1854; William Butler Yeats, poet, 1865; Jules Bordet, bacteriologist, 1870; Elisabeth Schumann, operatic soprano, 1885; Basil Rathbone, actor, 1892; Dorothy Leigh Sayers, writer, 1893; Carlos Antonio de Padua Chavez, conductor and composer, 1899.
Deaths: Alexander the Great, 323 BC; Simon Tissot, Swiss physician, 1797; Richard Lovell Edgeworth, educationist and inventor, 1817; Mikhail Alexandrovich Bakunin, anarchist, 1876; Ludwig II (Otto Friedrich Wilhelm II), King of Bavaria, committed suicide by drowning 1886; Sir Henry (O'Neal de Hane) Segrave, racing motorist, killed 1930; Gaston-Pierre-Etienne Flandin, statesman, 1958; Sir Eugene Aynesley Goossens, conductor and composer, 1962; Martin Buber, philosopher, 1965; Georg von Bekesy, physiologist, 1972; King Khalid of Saudi Arabia, 1982; Benjamin David (Benny) Goodman, clarinettist and bandleader, 1986.
On this day: the Boxer Rebellion started in China when rebels besieged foreign legations, 1900; the first V-1 flying-bombs fell on London, 1944; the last British troops left the base of Suez, 1956; Mrs Geraldine Brodrick of Sydney, Australia, gave birth to nonuplets (nine children, of whom two boys and four girls survived), 1971; inflation in Britain reached 25 per cent, 1975; six shots from a blank cartridge pistol were fired at the Queen in the Mall by a 17-year-old youth, 1981; John Paul Getty II presented pounds 20m to the National Gallery to start an endowment fund, 1985; the Queen bestowed the title 'Princess Royal' on Princess Anne, 1987.
Tomorrow is the Feast Day of St Antony of Padua, St Aquilina, St Felicula and St Triphyllius.
- 1 Finland schools: Subjects scrapped and replaced with 'topics' as country reforms its education system
- 2 The West has it totally wrong on Lee Kuan Yew
- 3 Watch: Man takes selfie every mile of 2,600 mile hike, creates amazing timelapse video
- 4 The day I starred in Only Fools and Horses
- 5 Scientists have discovered a simple way to cook rice that dramatically cuts the calories
Germanwings plane crash: Co-pilot Andreas Lubitz 'sought treatment for eyesight problems'
Saudi Arabia says it won't rule out building nuclear weapons
The battle for the Middle East's future begins in Yemen as Saudi Arabia jumps into the abyss
#FreeTheNipple: Women in Iceland bare breasts in solidarity with trolled student
Yemen crisis: Saudi Arabia ready for long campaign against Houthi rebels across the border
Ukip supporters are 55 or older, white and socially conservative, finds British Social Attitudes Report
JK Rowling responds to fan tweeting she 'can't see' Dumbledore being gay
Jeremy Clarkson sacked live: Alan Yentob 'wouldn't rule out' ex Top Gear host's BBC return
Revealed: Putin's army of pro-Kremlin bloggers
Germanwings plane crash: Co-pilot Andreas Lubitz wanted to 'do something people would remember him for'
The West has it totally wrong on Lee Kuan Yew
£35000 - £38000 per annum: Recruitment Genius: This dynamic outsourced contact...
£19000 - £21000 per annum: Recruitment Genius: An excellent opportunity for a ...
£28000 - £32000 per annum: Ashdown Group: Group HR Advisor with an established...
£40 - 50k (DOE) + Bonus: Guru Careers: We are seeking a HR Manager / HR Genera...