Monday 21 June 1993
Deaths: Edward III, King of England, 1377; Niccolo di Bernardo dei Machiavelli, diplomat and author, 1527; John Skelton, poet, 1529; John Smith, Virginian colonist, 1631; Inigo Jones, architect, 1652; John Hatchard, publisher and bookseller, 1849; Friedrich Wilhelm August Froebel, educationist, 1852; Mary Anne Clarke, mistress of Frederick, Duke of York, 1852; Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna, Mexican revolutionary, 1876; Capt Charles Cunningham Boycott, estate manager, from whose name the word 'boycott' is taken, 1897; Sir John Logan Campbell, parliamentarian, 1902; Nikolai Andreyevich Rimsky-Korsakov, 1908; John Taliaferro Thompson, soldier and machine-gun inventor, 1940; Jean-Edouard Vuillard, painter, 1940; Rex Ingram (Reginald Ingram Montgomery Hitchcock), actor and film director, 1950. Sukarno (Kusnasosro), president of Indonesia, 1970.
On this day: Dulwich College was founded by Edward Alleyn, 1619; the foundation of stone of the new St Paul's Cathedral, London, was laid, 1675; the Constitution of the United States came into force, 1788; New Hampshire became the ninth of the United States, 1788; the Battle of Vinegar Hill (Irish Rebellion) was fought, 1798; the French were defeated by the Duke of Wellington at the Battle of Vitoria, in Spain, 1813; the Royal College of Surgeons was founded, 1843; Charles Lucas, mate aboard HMS Hecla was the first man to be awarded the Victoria Cross (which he received in 1857), 1854; Wagner's opera Die Meistersinger was first performed, Munich, 1868; Zululand was annexed by the British, 1887; the German Fleet was scuttled at Scapa Flow, 1919;in the US, Jack Sharkey defeated Max Schmeling, heavyweight boxing champion, 1932; after a surprise manoeuvre, the German Afrika Korps seized Tobruk, capturing 25,000 prisoners, 1942; in the US, Dr Peter Goldmark demonstrated the first successful LP, 1948; the musical show Evita was first produced, London, 1978; in Iran, over 40,000 people were killed and 60,000 injured in an earthquake in the region of the Caspian Sea, 1990.
Today is the Summer Solstice and the Feast Day of St Agofredus, St Alban of Mainz, St Aloysius Gonzaga, St Engelmund, St Eusebius of Samosata, St John Rigby, St Leutfrid or Leufroi and St Maine or Meen.
- 1 Scottish referendum: So how about the English now being given a chance to split from England?
- 4 Matthew Miller: American sentenced to hard labour in North Korea 'wanted to be Snowden II'
- 5 Iranian blogger found guilty of insulting Prophet Mohammad on Facebook sentenced to death
Stamford Hill council removes 'unacceptable' posters telling women which side of the road to walk down
Kim Kardashian 'nude pictures' leaked on 4chan weeks after Jennifer Lawrence 'The Fappening' scandal
Iranian blogger found guilty of insulting Prophet Mohammad on Facebook sentenced to death
4Chan naked photos leak: Celebrity Twitter reactions to the mass breach of privacy
Hitler’s former food taster reveals the horrors of the Wolf’s Lair
Scottish independence referendum: A nation divided against itself
Scottish referendum results: Cross-party consensus collapses amid Tory-Labour spat on the 'English question'
Scottish independence: David Cameron is becoming the 'George Bush of Britain'
Russia freezes Ukraine into submission: Kiev admits country doesn't have enough fuel for winter
Archbishop of Canterbury admits doubts about existence of God
Portuguese academic says British are 'filthy, violent and drunk'
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