Monday 21 June 1993
Deaths: Edward III, King of England, 1377; Niccolo di Bernardo dei Machiavelli, diplomat and author, 1527; John Skelton, poet, 1529; John Smith, Virginian colonist, 1631; Inigo Jones, architect, 1652; John Hatchard, publisher and bookseller, 1849; Friedrich Wilhelm August Froebel, educationist, 1852; Mary Anne Clarke, mistress of Frederick, Duke of York, 1852; Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna, Mexican revolutionary, 1876; Capt Charles Cunningham Boycott, estate manager, from whose name the word 'boycott' is taken, 1897; Sir John Logan Campbell, parliamentarian, 1902; Nikolai Andreyevich Rimsky-Korsakov, 1908; John Taliaferro Thompson, soldier and machine-gun inventor, 1940; Jean-Edouard Vuillard, painter, 1940; Rex Ingram (Reginald Ingram Montgomery Hitchcock), actor and film director, 1950. Sukarno (Kusnasosro), president of Indonesia, 1970.
On this day: Dulwich College was founded by Edward Alleyn, 1619; the foundation of stone of the new St Paul's Cathedral, London, was laid, 1675; the Constitution of the United States came into force, 1788; New Hampshire became the ninth of the United States, 1788; the Battle of Vinegar Hill (Irish Rebellion) was fought, 1798; the French were defeated by the Duke of Wellington at the Battle of Vitoria, in Spain, 1813; the Royal College of Surgeons was founded, 1843; Charles Lucas, mate aboard HMS Hecla was the first man to be awarded the Victoria Cross (which he received in 1857), 1854; Wagner's opera Die Meistersinger was first performed, Munich, 1868; Zululand was annexed by the British, 1887; the German Fleet was scuttled at Scapa Flow, 1919;in the US, Jack Sharkey defeated Max Schmeling, heavyweight boxing champion, 1932; after a surprise manoeuvre, the German Afrika Korps seized Tobruk, capturing 25,000 prisoners, 1942; in the US, Dr Peter Goldmark demonstrated the first successful LP, 1948; the musical show Evita was first produced, London, 1978; in Iran, over 40,000 people were killed and 60,000 injured in an earthquake in the region of the Caspian Sea, 1990.
Today is the Summer Solstice and the Feast Day of St Agofredus, St Alban of Mainz, St Aloysius Gonzaga, St Engelmund, St Eusebius of Samosata, St John Rigby, St Leutfrid or Leufroi and St Maine or Meen.
- 1 Paris attacks: Do not call Charlie Hebdo killers 'terrorists', BBC says
- 2 Man who held up 'hire me' sign at Waterloo station returns a year later with 'I'm hiring' sign
- 5 The enemy within: People who hear voices in their heads are being encouraged to talk back
Paris attacks: Do not call Charlie Hebdo killers 'terrorists', BBC says
Rowan Atkinson to sell £10 million McLaren 'supercar' he crashed into a tree and a lamppost
UK weather: Snow to fall in the coming week with sub-zero temperatures to last until early February
Saudi preacher who 'raped and tortured' his five -year-old daughter to death is released after paying 'blood money'
Howard 'Mr Nice' Marks reveals he has inoperable cancer: 'I've had an incredible life'
Nigel Farage: NHS might have to be replaced by private health insurance
'We would evict Queen from Buckingham Palace and allocate her council house,' say Greens
French court convicts three over homophobic tweets, in case hailed as a 'significant victory' by LGBT rights campaigners
Greece elections: Syriza and EU on collision course after election win for left-wing party
George Galloway condemns 'racist, Islamophobic, hypocritical rag' Charlie Hebdo at freedom of speech rally
British Muslim school children suffering a backlash of abuse following Paris attacks
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