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Births: Giambattista Vico, philosopher and jurist, 1668; Josephine de Beauharnais (Marie-Josephe-Rose Tascher de la Pagerie), wife of Napoleon, 1763; Edward, Duke of Windsor, former king, 1894; Dr Alfred Charles Kinsey, sex investigator and author, 1894.

Deaths: Vespasian (Titus Flavius Sabinus Vespasianus), emperor, 79; James Mill, philosopher and economist, 1836; Mark Gertler, painter, 1939; Michael Arlen (Dikran Kouyoumdjian), novelist, 1956; Olivia Manning, novelist, 1980.

On this day: a treaty of peace and friendship with the American Indians was signed by William Penn, 1683; the British diplomats Guy Burgess and Donald Maclean fled to the Soviet Union, 1951; agreement was reached in Luxembourg on the terms of Britain's entry into the Common Market, 1971.

Today is the Feast Day of St Agrippina, St Etheldreda or Audrey, St Libert or Liebert, St Thomas Corsini and St Thomas Garnet.