Anniversaries

TODAY

Births: Otto von Guericke, physicist, 1602; Thomas Chatterton, poet, 1752; Pope Pius VIII, 1761; Friedrich Heinrich Himmel, harpsichordist and composer, 1765; John Wall Callcott, organist and composer, 1766; Sir Samuel Cunard, shipowner, 1787; William Chappell, music publisher, 1809; Albert F. Bellows, landscape painter, 1829; Sir Wilfrid Laurier, statesman, 1841; Josiah Royce, philosopher, 1855; Selma Ottiliana Lovisa Lagerlof, novelist, 1858; Edwin Powell Hubble, astronomer, 1889; Henri-Georges Clouzot, film director, 1907; Gene Tierney, actress, 1920; Robert Francis Kennedy, politician, 1925.

Deaths: Sir Christopher Hatton, Lord Chancellor, 1591; Sir John Harington, translator and writer, 1612; Queen Caroline of Ansbach, consort of George II, 1737; Henry Draper, astronomer, 1882; Anton Grigoryevich Rubinstein, pianist and composer, 1894; Lev Nikolayevich, Count Tolstoy, novelist, 1910; Queen Alexandra, consort of King Edward VII, 1925; John Rushworth Jellicoe, first Earl Jellicoe, admiral of the fleet, 1935; Francis William Aston, physicist, 1945; Admiral Luis Carrero Blanco, prime minister of Spain, assassinated 1973; Francisco Paulino Hermengildo Teodulo Franco Bahamonde, Spanish dictator, 1975.

On this day: the French invasion fleet was destroyed by Admiral Hawke at Quiberon Bay, 1759; Beethoven's opera Fidelio was first performed in Vienna, 1805; Venezuela was declared to be independent of Spain by Simon Bolivar, 1818; Charles Stewart Rolls and Frederick Henry Royce combined to form the firm of Rolls Royce, 1906; British tanks took part in their first major battle at Cambrai, 1917; after five years of blackout, lights were switched on in London in Piccadilly, the Strand and Fleet Street, 1944; the War Crimes trial at Nuremberg began, 1945; the Allied Control Commission approved the transfer of 6 million Germans from Austria, Hungary and Poland to West Germany, 1945; the Queen (then Princess Elizabeth) married the Duke of Edinburgh, 1947; Snowdonia was declared a National Park, 1951; after the Soviet Union agreed to withdraw Ilyushin bombers from Cuba, the United States lifted the blockade, 1962.

Today is the Feast Day of St Bernward, St Dasius, St Edmund the Martyr, St Felix of Valois, St Maxentia of Beauvais and St Nerses of Sahgerd.

TOMORROW

Births: Voltaire (Francois-Marie Arouet), philosopher and writer, 1694; Cornelius Varley, water-colour painter, 1781; Lewis Henry Morgan, ethnologist and lawyer, 1818; James Clarke Hook, painter, 1819; Walter William Skeat, philologist, 1835; Arthur Goring Thomas, composer, 1850; Sir Leslie Ward ('Spy'), caricaturist, 1851; Francesco Tarrega, composer, 1852; Sir Arthur Thomas Quiller-Couch ('Q'), novelist and editor, 1863; Mary Johnston, author, 1870; Harpo (Adolph, or Arthur) Marx, comedian, 1888; Rene-Francois-Ghislain Magritte, Surrealist painter, 1898.

Deaths: Sir Thomas Gresham, founder of the Royal Exchange, 1579; Henry Purcell, composer, 1695; Bernd Heinrich Wilhelm von Kleist, poet and playwright, committed suicide 1811; Jean-Nicolas Buache, geographer and cartographer, 1825; Mariano Jose Maria Bernardo Fortuny, painter, 1874; Prince Keiki Tokugawa, 15th and last of the Shoguns of Japan, 1913; Franz Josef I, Emperor of Austria, 1916; James Barry Munnik Hertzog, statesman, 1942; Dominic Bevan Wyndham Lewis, author, 1969; Sir Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman, physicist, 1970; Martin Tickner, theatrical producer, 1993.

On this day: the Montgolfier brothers made the first hot-air balloon flight, 1783; North Carolina became the 12th of the United States, 1789; the Congress of Aix-la-Chapelle ended, 1818; the British hospital ship Britannia was sunk by a mine in the Aegean, with the loss of 100 lives, 1916; a Bill making women eligible as MPs received Royal Assent, 1918; the German battle fleet surrendered to the Allies, 1918; the remains of 'Piltdown Man', discovered in 1912, were proved to be forged, 1953; construction work began on the Forth Road Bridge, 1958; following IRA bomb explosions in Birmingham, 20 people were killed and 200 injured, 1974; proceedings in Parliament were televised for the first time, 1989.

Tomorrow is the Feast Day of St Albert of Louvain and St Gelasius I, pope.

PROMOTED VIDEO
News
ebooksAn unforgettable anthology of contemporary reportage
Latest stories from i100
Have you tried new the Independent Digital Edition apps?
Independent Dating
and  

By clicking 'Search' you
are agreeing to our
Terms of Use.

iJobs Job Widget
iJobs People

HR Manager - Kent - £45,000

£40000 - £45000 per annum: Ashdown Group: HR Manager / Training Manager (L&D /...

HR Manager - Edgware, London - £45,000

£40000 - £45000 per annum + Benefits: Ashdown Group: HR Manager - Edgware, Lon...

HR Manager - London - £40,000 + bonus

£32000 - £40000 per annum + bonus: Ashdown Group: HR Manager (Generalist) -Old...

Talent Manager / HR Manager - central London - £50,000

£45000 - £50000 per annum: Ashdown Group: Talent / Learning & Development Mana...

Day In a Page

Mystery of the Ground Zero wedding photo

A shot in the dark

Mystery of the wedding photo from Ground Zero
His life, the universe and everything

His life, the universe and everything

New biography sheds light on comic genius of Douglas Adams
Save us from small screen superheroes

Save us from small screen superheroes

Shows like Agents of S.H.I.E.L.D are little more than marketing tools
Reach for the skies

Reach for the skies

From pools to football pitches, rooftop living is looking up
These are the 12 best hotel spas in the UK

12 best hotel spas in the UK

Some hotels go all out on facilities; others stand out for the sheer quality of treatments
These Iranian-controlled Shia militias used to specialise in killing American soldiers. Now they are fighting Isis, backed up by US airstrikes

Widespread fear of Isis is producing strange bedfellows

Iranian-controlled Shia militias that used to kill American soldiers are now fighting Isis, helped by US airstrikes
Topshop goes part Athena poster, part last spring Prada

Topshop goes part Athena poster, part last spring Prada

Shoppers don't come to Topshop for the unique
How to make a Lego masterpiece

How to make a Lego masterpiece

Toy breaks out of the nursery and heads for the gallery
Meet the ‘Endies’ – city dwellers who are too poor to have fun

Meet the ‘Endies’ – city dwellers who are too poor to have fun

Urbanites are cursed with an acronym pointing to Employed but No Disposable Income or Savings
Paisley’s decision to make peace with IRA enemies might remind the Arabs of Sadat

Ian Paisley’s decision to make peace with his IRA enemies

His Save Ulster from Sodomy campaign would surely have been supported by many a Sunni imam
'She was a singer, a superstar, an addict, but to me, her mother, she is simply Amy'

'She was a singer, a superstar, an addict, but to me, her mother, she is simply Amy'

Exclusive extract from Janis Winehouse's poignant new memoir
Is this the role to win Cumberbatch an Oscar?

Is this the role to win Cumberbatch an Oscar?

The Imitation Game, film review
England and Roy Hodgson take a joint step towards redemption in Basel

England and Hodgson take a joint step towards redemption

Welbeck double puts England on the road to Euro 2016
Relatives fight over Vivian Maier’s rare photos

Relatives fight over Vivian Maier’s rare photos

Pictures removed from public view as courts decide ownership
‘Fashion has to be fun. It’s a big business, not a cure for cancer’

‘Fashion has to be fun. It’s a big business, not a cure for cancer’

Donatella Versace at New York Fashion Week