Tuesday 12 October 1993
Deaths: Fritz Herlen, artist, 1491; Piero della Francesca, painter and writer, 1492; Maximilian II, Holy Roman Emperor, 1576; Matsuo Basho (Munefusa Matsuo), poet, 1694; Elizabeth Fry (Gurney), Quaker prison reformer, 1845; Ando Tokitaro Hiroshige, artist, 1858; Robert Stephenson, civil engineer, 1859; Francois-Pierre Guizot, statesman and historian, 1874; Joseph-Ernest Renan, historian and philosopher, 1892; Edith Louisa Cavell, nurse, executed by the Germans 1915; Anatole France (Jacques-Anatole Thibault), author, 1924; Edwin Abbott Abbott, theologian, teacher and scholar, 1926; Tom Mix (Thomas Edwin Mix), Western actor, 1940; Sonja Henie, skater and actress, 1969; Dean Gooderham Acheson, statesman, 1971.
On this day: an island in the West Indies was discovered by Christopher Columbus, which he named San Salvador, 1492; a powder magazine exploded at Delft, largely destroying the city, 1654; the French fleet was defeated off Vigo by Admiral Sir George Rooke, 1702; Pedro I was proclaimed Emperor of Brazil, 1822; Gustav Hamel flew the English Channel from Hardelot, France, to Maidstone, Kent, 1911; nearly 1,000 people died in a disastrous fire at North Minnesota, US 1918; the borough councillors of Poplar, London, were released from prison, where they had been committed for refusing to levy certain rates, 1921; the German Zeppelin Z3 flew from Friedrichshafen to Lakehurst, New Jersey, 1924; an iron lung was used for the first time, at Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 1928; a wartime base in the Azores was granted to Britain by Portugal, 1943; the first Morris Minor car designed by Alec Issigonis was produced at Cowley, Oxfordshire, 1948; the College of Europe opened at Bruges, Belgium, 1950; Equatoria1 Guinea became independent, 1968; the XIXth Olympic Games opened in Mexico City, 1968; in the United States, Gerald Ford was nominated Vice-President by Richard Nixon, 1973; the first London production of the musical show Little Shop of Horrors was presented, 1983.
Today is the Feast Day of St Edwin, St Ethelburga of Barking, Saints Felix and Cyprian, St Maximilian of Lorch and St Wilfrid of York.
- 2 Harry Potter fans can apply to the Hogwarts-inspired College of Wizardry
- 3 Jessica Chambers: 19-year-old woman 'doused with lighter fluid and burned alive' in the US
- 4 Russell Brand calls Nigel Farage 'poundshop Enoch Powell' in BBC Question Time debate
- 5 Orange Wednesdays are no more
Weather bomb in pictures: Storms cuts power for tens of thousands – and snow is on the way
Jessica Chambers: 19-year-old woman 'doused with lighter fluid and burned alive' in the US
Russell Brand calls Nigel Farage 'poundshop Enoch Powell' in BBC Question Time debate
Russell Brand was rendered speechless on Question Time by this man
Fury at Airbus after it hints the super-jumbo may be mothballed
Nigel Farage: Me vs Russell Brand on Question Time – he's got the chest hair but where are his ideas?
Shock poll shows voters believe Ukip is to the left of the Tories
New era of cheap oil 'will destroy green revolution'
Disgruntled RBS worker writes hilarious open letter to Russell Brand after anti-capitalist publicity stunt leaves him hungry
Ukip founder Alan Sked and Nigel Farage 'begged Enoch Powell to stand as a candidate'
Ukip candidate jokes about 'shooting peasants' in racist and homophobic rant
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