Births: Edward VI, King of England, 1537; John Liptrott Hatton, composer, 1809; Theodore Walter Watts-Dunton, poet, critic and novelist, 1832; Max Friedlander, baritone and writer, 1852; Elmer Ambrose Sperry, inventor, 1860; James Ramsay MacDonald, statesman, 1866; Ralph Vaughan Williams, composer, 1872; Aleister Edward Alexander Crowley, author and occultist, 1875; Luis de Freitas Branco, composer, 1890; James Phillip McAuley, poet, 1917.

Deaths: Fritz Herlen, artist, 1491; Piero della Francesca, painter and writer, 1492; Maximilian II, Holy Roman Emperor, 1576; Matsuo Basho (Munefusa Matsuo), poet, 1694; Elizabeth Fry (Gurney), Quaker prison reformer, 1845; Ando Tokitaro Hiroshige, artist, 1858; Robert Stephenson, civil engineer, 1859; Francois-Pierre Guizot, statesman and historian, 1874; Joseph-Ernest Renan, historian and philosopher, 1892; Edith Louisa Cavell, nurse, executed by the Germans 1915; Anatole France (Jacques-Anatole Thibault), author, 1924; Edwin Abbott Abbott, theologian, teacher and scholar, 1926; Tom Mix (Thomas Edwin Mix), Western actor, 1940; Sonja Henie, skater and actress, 1969; Dean Gooderham Acheson, statesman, 1971.

On this day: an island in the West Indies was discovered by Christopher Columbus, which he named San Salvador, 1492; a powder magazine exploded at Delft, largely destroying the city, 1654; the French fleet was defeated off Vigo by Admiral Sir George Rooke, 1702; Pedro I was proclaimed Emperor of Brazil, 1822; Gustav Hamel flew the English Channel from Hardelot, France, to Maidstone, Kent, 1911; nearly 1,000 people died in a disastrous fire at North Minnesota, US 1918; the borough councillors of Poplar, London, were released from prison, where they had been committed for refusing to levy certain rates, 1921; the German Zeppelin Z3 flew from Friedrichshafen to Lakehurst, New Jersey, 1924; an iron lung was used for the first time, at Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 1928; a wartime base in the Azores was granted to Britain by Portugal, 1943; the first Morris Minor car designed by Alec Issigonis was produced at Cowley, Oxfordshire, 1948; the College of Europe opened at Bruges, Belgium, 1950; Equatoria1 Guinea became independent, 1968; the XIXth Olympic Games opened in Mexico City, 1968; in the United States, Gerald Ford was nominated Vice-President by Richard Nixon, 1973; the first London production of the musical show Little Shop of Horrors was presented, 1983.

Today is the Feast Day of St Edwin, St Ethelburga of Barking, Saints Felix and Cyprian, St Maximilian of Lorch and St Wilfrid of York.