Wednesday 15 July 1992
Deaths: Rudolf I, King of Germany and Holy Roman Emperor, 1291; Annibale Carracci, painter, 1609; James Scott, Duke of Monmouth, illegitimate son of Charles II, executed 1685; John Wilson, botanist, 1751; Charles Andrew Vanloo, painter, 1765; Winthrop MacMackworth Praed, politician and poet, 1839; William Thomas Morton, dentist, introducer of ether as a general anaesthetic, 1868; William H. Bonney (alias Henry McCarty, or 'Billy the Kid'), outlaw, shot by Sheriff Pat Garrett 1881; 'General Tom Thumb' (Charles Sherwood Stratton), a 40in-tall dwarf in Barnum's circus, 1883; Anton Pavlovich Chekhov, playwright and author, 1904; Hugo von Hofmannsthal, playwright and poet, 1929; Walter Gay, artist, 1937; Dr John Mellanby, physiologist, 1939; Sir Percy Scott Worthington, architect, 1939; John Joseph Pershing, soldier, 1948; Nuri- es-Said, Iraqi soldier and statesman, assassinated 1958; Lawrence Mervil Tibbett, baritone, 1960; Paul William Gallico, writer, 1976; Margaret Mary Lockwood, actress, 1990.
On this day: Jerusalem was captured by the Crusaders, 1099; the Battle of Tannenburg was fought between the Teutonic Knights and King Ladislas II of Poland, 1410; the Royal Society was granted a royal charter, 1662; the 'Marseillaise' was adopted as the French national anthem, 1795; margarine was patented by Hippolyte Mege-Mouries, of Paris, 1869; social insurance came into effect in Britain, 1912; Mrs Clara Adams of New York was the first woman to complete a round- the-world flight (19 hours, 4 minutes), 1939; Alcoholics Anonymous was founded in Britain, 1948; close- up pictures of Mars were transmitted by television from the US satellite Mariner IV, 1965; in Cyprus, Archbishop Makarios was deposed as president in a coup by Greek officers of the Cyprus National Guard, 1974.
Today is the Feast Day of St Athanasius of Naples, St Barhadbesaba, St Bonaventure, St David of Munktorp, St Donald, St Edith of Polesworth, St Pompilio Pirrotti, St Swithin, St Vladimir of Kiev.
- 1 Home Office says Nigerian asylum-seeker can’t be a lesbian as she’s got children
- 2 What happens to your body when you give up sugar?
- 3 Japanese island overrun with cats after population explodes
- 4 Apple and Google users being spied on for a decade because of 'Freak' security flaw
- 5 Have sex with your iPad thanks to the new sex toy no-one asked for
The City of the Monkey God: Archaeologists claim to have found city lost for 1,000 years in remote Honduran jungle
Japanese island overrun with cats after population explodes
Delhi bus rapist blames dead victim for attack because 'girls are responsible for rape'
Bubonic plague-carrying fleas found on New York City rats
London property boom built on dirty money
'Jihadi John': CAGE representative storms off Sky News accusing Kay Burley of Islamophobia
Durham Free School: 'Creationism taught at' free school facing closure
Nearly 100,000 of Britain's poorest children go hungry after parents' benefits are cut
Ukip would cut billions from Scottish budget to fund English tax cuts
End of the licence fee: BBC to back radical overhaul of how it is funded
Ukraine crisis: Top Chinese diplomat backs Putin and says West should 'abandon zero-sum mentality'
Negotiable: Recruitment Genius: Have you been doing a brilliant job in an admi...
£26,498 - £31,556: Surrey County Council: We are looking for an outgoing, conf...
£50000 - £60000 per annum: Recruitment Genius: Are you an innovative, senior H...
£20000 - £22000 per annum: Recruitment Genius: Our client, a very well respect...