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Births: Giorgio Vasari, painter, architect and writer, 1511; Emily Bronte, novelist, 1818; Henry Ford, motor-car manufacturer, 1863; Henry Moore, sculptor, 1898.

Deaths: Philip I, King of France, 1108; William Penn, Quaker leader, 1718; Thomas Gray, poet, 1771; Denis Diderot, encyclopaedist, 1784; Sir Charles Hastings, physician, founder of the British Medical Association, 1866; Otto, Furst von Bismarck-Schonhausen, German chancellor, 1898; Sir Joseph Cook, prime minister of Australia, 1947; Lynn Fontanne, actress, 1983; Ian Gow, MP, 1990.

On this day: Toronto (then called York) was founded by General John Simcoe, 1793; the 10th Olympic Games opened in Los Angeles, 1932; the first Penguin books were published, 1935; Harold Adrian Russell ('Kim') Philby, British journalist and spy, was granted asylum in the USSR, 1963; England won the Football World Cup, beating West Germany 4-2 at Wembley, 1966.

Today is the Feast Day of Saints Abdon and Sennen, St Julitta of Caesarea, St Peter Chrysologus and St Tatwin, archbishop of Canterbury.