Monday 12 October 1992
Deaths: Piero della Francesca, painter and writer, 1492; Maximilian II, Holy Roman Emperor, 1576; Elizabeth Fry, Quaker prison reformer, 1845; Robert Stephenson, civil engineer, 1859; Robert Edward Lee, Confederate general, 1870; Francois-Pierre Guizot, statesman and historian, 1874; Edith Louisa Cavell, nurse, executed by the Germans, 1915; Anatole France (Jacques-Anatole Thibault), author, 1924; The Grand Duke Cyril Romanov of Russia, 1938; Tom Mix (Thomas Edwin Mix), actor, 1940; Paul Hermann Muller, chemist, 1965.
On this day: an island in the West Indies was discovered by Christopher Columbus, which he named San Salvador, 1492; a powder magazine exploded at Delft, largely destroying the city, 1654; the French fleet was defeated off Vigo by Admiral Sir George Rooke, 1702; Pedro I was proclaimed Emperor of Brazil, 1822; the borough councillors of Poplar, London, were released from prison, where they had been committed for refusing to levy certain rates, 1921; an iron lung was used for the first time, at Boston, USA, 1928; a wartime base in the Azores was granted to Britain by Portugal, 1943; the first Morris Minor car designed by Alec Issigonis was produced at Cowley, Oxon, 1948; the College of Europe opened at Bruges, Belgium, 1950; Equatoria1 Guinea became independent, 1968; the XIXth Olympic Games opened in Mexico City, 1968; in the US, Gerald Ford was nominated Vice-President by Richard Nixon, 1973; the first London production of the musical show Little Shop of Horrors was presented, 1983.
Today is the Feast Day of St Edwin, St Ethelburga of Barking, Saints Felix and Cyprian, St Maximilian of Lorch and St Wilfrid of York.
Victoria in Australia is set to become the first state to introduce new legislation on “sexting”, meaning it is now illegal to distribute to a third party a sexually explicit image of somebody without their consent.
filmFilm producers sue Warner Bros for $75m over Hobbit films
voicesJust when you thought you could find a man, get married, and have a baby by the age of 35... it turns out you’re too late, says Grace Dent
Swedish stars ask fans for £195 pledges on crowd-funding website
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- 2 French café starts charging extra to rude customers
- 3 Australia: Gay marriage law reversed by high court less than a week after first weddings
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- 5 Australia incest case: Severely deformed children found in remote farming community after generations of inbreeding
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