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Births: Sir Christopher Wren, mathematician and architect, 1632; Gerard Edelinck, engraver, 1649; Nicolas de Largilliere, painter, 1656; Johannes Adolf Ibach, organ manufacturer, 1766; Henry John Temple, third Viscount Palmerston, statesman, 1784; Colin Campbell, Baron Clyde, commander-in-chief during the Indian Mutiny, 1792; Henry Inman, painter, 1801; Henry Gamble Blagrove, violinist, 1811; Johan George Schwartze, painter, 1814; Thomas Hughes, author of Tom Brown's Schooldays, 1822; Odilon Redon, painter and lithographer, 1840; Jean-Nicolas-Arthur Rimbaud, poet, 1854; John Elliot Burns, statesman, 1858; John Dewey, philosopher, 1859; Charles Edward Ives, composer, 1874; Bela Lugosi (Bela Lugosi Blasko), actor, 1884; Sir James Chadwick, physicist, 1891; Charlie Chase (Charles Parrott), actor and director, 1893; Anna Neagle (Marjorie Robertson), actress, 1904; Frederic Dannay, novelist (one half of the 'Ellery Queen' partnership), 1905.

Deaths: Jacopo della Quercia, sculptor, 1438; Thomas Linacre, scholar and physician, 1524; Michael Dahl, painter, 1743; Grace Darling, heroine at the wreck of the Forfarshire, 1842; Sarah Ann Glover, inventor of the Tonic Sol- fa system, 1867; Michael William Balfe, composer, 1870; Sir Richard Francis Burton, explorer and Arabic scholar, 1890; James Anthony Froude, historian, 1894; Arthur Henderson, statesman, 1935; Jack Buchanan, actor and singer, 1957; Herbert Clark Hoover, 31st US president, 1964; Shigeru Yoshida, statesman, 1967; Bud Flanagan (Robert Winthrop),'Crazy Gang' comedian, 1968; Katharine Susannah Prichard, novelist, 1969; Paul Adrien Maurice Dirac, physicist, 1984; Sir John Anthony Quayle, actor, 1989.

On this day: the coronation of George I took place, 1714; Baron Karl Mack, Austrian commander, surrendered to Napoleon at the Battle of Ulm, 1805; the border between Canada and the US was defined as the 49th parallel, 1818; the Sunday Times was first published, 1822; the British, French and Russian fleets annihilated the Turkish fleet at the Battle of Navarino, 1827; Woodrow Wilson, president of Princeton University, resigned to enter politics, 1910; Benito Mussolini, Fascist leader, seized power in Italy, 1922; Aachen was captured by the Allies, 1944; US troops landed at Leyte, in the Philippine Islands, 1944; a state of emergency was declared in Kenya, owing to disturbances caused by the Mau Mau terrorist organisation, 1952; the musical show Robert and Elizabeth was first produced, London, 1964; Aristotle Onassis married Jacqueline Kennedy, 1968; the Sydney Opera House was opened to the public, 1973.

Today is the Feast Day of St Acca, St Andrew the Calybite of Crete, St Artemius, St Bertilla Boscardin and St Caprasius of Agen.