Anniversaries

Births: Nero, Roman emperor, AD 37; David Teniers the Younger, painter, 1610; George Romney, painter, 1734; Charles Cowden Clarke, Shakespearean scholar, 1787; Francois Joseph Heim, painter, 1787; Jerome Bonaparte, King of Westphalia, youngest brother of Napoleon, 1784; Janos Bolyai, mathematician, 1802; Henry Fothergill Chorley, music critic, librettist and author, 1808; Alexandre-Gustave Eiffel, engineer, 1832; Henry Gadsby, composer, 1842; Sir Alfred East, painter and etcher, 1849; Antoine-Henri Becquerel, physicist, 1852; Dr Lazarus Ludovic Zamenhof, oculist and creator of Esperanto, 1859; Niels Ryberg Finsen, physician, 1860; Josef Hoffmann, architect, 1870; Maxwell Anderson, playwright, 1888; Jean Paul Getty, oil tycoon, 1892; Carl Ferdinand Cori, biochemist, 1896; General Sir Miles Christopher Dempsey, 1896.

Deaths: Haakon IV, King of Norway, 1263; Jan Vermeer (Jan van der Meer van Delft), painter, 1675; Isaak Walton, author of The Compleat Angler, 1683; Giuseppe Bossi, painter, 1816; Georg Friedrich Grotefend, classical scholar, 1853; Leon Faucher, economist and statesman, 1854; Sir George Cayley, aeronautics pioneer, 1857; Chief Sitting Bull, Sioux Indian leader, killed 1890; Francisco Tarrega, composer, 1909; Whitelaw Reid, US ambassador to Great Britain, 1912; Thomas Wright 'Fats' Waller, pianist, 1943; Arthur Llewellyn Jones Machen, author, 1947; Wolfgang Pauli, physicist, 1958; Charles Laughton, actor, 1962; Walter Elias Disney, cartoonist and creator of 'Mickey Mouse', 1966.

On this day: the first meteorological recordings were begun in Tuscany, Italy, 1654; the states of the American union ratified the Bill of Rights, 1791; the French recaptured Rome and overran the Kingdom of Naples, 1798; Napoleon and his army entered Warsaw, 1806; the remains of Emperor Napoleon were interred at Les Invalides, Paris, 1840; General Redvers Buller's troops were defeated by the Boers at the Battle of Colenso, 1899; the Piccadilly Line tube in London was opened, 1906; the seven-masted schooner Thomas W. Lawson was lost in the English Channel, 1907; the Battle of Verdun ended, with 700,000 dead (338,000 German, 364,000 Allied soldiers), 1916; Fiume declared her independence, 1919; Box and Cox, the first television play in Britain, was transmitted to a limited audience, 1928; the Commonwealth of the Philippines was inaugurated, 1935; the premiere of the film Gone With the Wind took place at Atlanta, Georgia, 1939; the US Congress approved the appointment of five-star generals and admirals, 1944; the General Assembly of the United Nations voted to admit the Chinese People's Republic, 1961; Adolf Eichmann was found guilty of crimes against the Jewish people in Israel, 1961; the first production of the musical show Charlie Girl took place in London, 1965; food riots broke out in Poland, 1970; John Paul Getty III was released by kidnappers who had held him for five months and cut off his ear, 1973.

Today is the Feast Day of St Mary di Rosa, St Nino, St Paul of Latros and St Valerian.

Latest stories from i100
Have you tried new the Independent Digital Edition apps?
Independent Dating
and  

By clicking 'Search' you
are agreeing to our
Terms of Use.

iJobs Job Widget
iJobs People

Business Support - Banking - Halifax - £250 pd

£150 - £250 per day: Orgtel: HR Analyst - Banking - HR - Halifax - £150 - £250...

Geography Teacher

£24000 - £33600 per annum + pre 12 week AWR : Randstad Education Manchester Se...

Marketing Executive

£28000 - £32000 per annum: Charter Selection: A professional services company ...

Day In a Page

Screwing your way to the top? Good for Lana Del Rey for helping kill that myth

Screwing your way to the top?

Good for Lana Del Rey for helping kill that myth, says Grace Dent
Will the young Britons fighting in Syria be allowed to return home and resume their lives?

Will Britons fighting in Syria be able to resume their lives?

Tony Blair's Terrorism Act 2006 has made it an offence to take part in military action abroad with a "political, ideological, religious or racial motive"
Beyoncé poses as Rosie the Riveter, the wartime poster girl who became a feminist pin-up

Beyoncé poses as Rosie the Riveter

The wartime poster girl became the ultimate American symbol of female empowerment
The quest to find the perfect pair of earphones: Are custom, 3D printed earbuds the solution?

The quest to find the perfect pair of earphones

Earphones don't fit properly, offer mediocre audio quality and can even be painful. So the quest to design the perfect pair is music to Seth Stevenson's ears
US Army's shooting star: Lt-Col Steven Cole is the man Hollywood calls when it wants to borrow a tank or check a military uniform

Meet the US Army's shooting star

Lt-Col Steven Cole is the man Hollywood calls when it wants to borrow a tank or check a military uniform
Climate change threatens to make the antarctic fur seal extinct

Take a good look while you can

How climate change could wipe out this seal
Should emergency hospital weddings be made easier for the terminally ill?

Farewell, my lovely

Should emergency hospital weddings be made easier?
Man Booker Prize 2014 longlist: Crowdfunded novel nominated for first time

Crowdfunded novel nominated for Booker Prize

Paul Kingsnorth's 'The Wake' is in contention for the prestigious award
Vladimir Putin employs a full-time food taster to ensure his meals aren't poisoned

Vladimir Putin employs a full-time food taster

John Walsh salutes those brave souls who have, throughout history, put their knives on the line
Tour de France effect brings Hollywood blockbusters to Yorkshire

Tour de France effect brings Hollywood blockbusters to Yorkshire

A $25m thriller starring Sam Worthington to be made in God's Own Country
Will The Minerva Project - the first 'elite' American university to be launched in a century - change the face of higher learning?

Will The Minerva Project change the face of higher learning?

The university has no lecture halls, no debating societies, no sports teams and no fraternities. Instead, the 33 students who have made the cut at Minerva, will travel the world and change the face of higher learning
The 10 best pedicure products

Feet treat: 10 best pedicure products

Bags packed and all prepped for holidays, but feet in a state? Get them flip-flop-ready with our pick of the items for a DIY treatment
Commonwealth Games 2014: Great Scots! Planes and pipers welcome in Glasgow's Games

Commonwealth Games 2014

Great Scots! Planes and pipers welcome in Glasgow's Games
Jack Pitt-Brooke: Manchester City and Patrick Vieira make the right stand on racism

Jack Pitt-Brooke

Manchester City and Patrick Vieira make the right stand on racism
How Terry Newton tragedy made iron men seek help to tackle their psychological demons

How Newton tragedy made iron men seek help to tackle their psychological demons

Over a hundred rugby league players have contacted clinic to deal with mental challenges of game