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Births: Christopher Marlowe, playwright, 1564; Antoine Arnauld, theologian, 1612; Queen Anne, 1665; Ugo Foscolo, novelist and poet, 1778; Sir Henry Irving (John Henry Brodribb), actor, 1838; Mrs Isabella Mary Beeton (Mayson), authoress, 1865; George Herman ("Babe") Ruth, baseball player, 1895; Alberto Cavalcanti, documentary film maker, 1897; Eva Braun, Hitler's mistress, 1912; Francois Truffaut, film director, 1932; Deaths: Thurstan, Archbishop of York, 1140; King Charles II, 1685; Lancelot "Capability" Brown, landscape gardener, 1783; Carlo Goldoni, playwright, 1793; The Rev Ebenezer Cobham Brewer, author of the Dictionary of Phrase and Fable, 1897; Ruben Daro (Felix Ruben Garcia-Sarmiento), poet, 1916; Gustav Klimt, painter, 1918; King George VI, 1952; James Hadley Chase, novelist, 1985; Arthur Ashe, tennis player, 1993; Gwendoline Watford, actress, 1994.

On this day: Maximilian I assumed the title of Holy Roman Emperor, 1508; James II acceded to the throne of Great Britain, 1685; Great Britain and Maori chiefs signed the Treaty of Waitangi in New Zealand, 1840; General Robert E. Lee became commander-in-chief of the Confederate armies, 1865; Crete proclaimed a union with Greece, 1897; the Boy Scouts of America were chartered, 1910; an Act of Parliament granted votes for women over 30, 1918; Queen Elizabeth II succeeded to the throne, 1952; seven members of the Manchester United football team were among 21 killed in an air crash at Munich, 1958; agreement was reached between Britain and France on a Channel Tunnel, 1964; the Supreme Court of Pakistan ruled that Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, the former prime minister, should be hanged, 1979.

Today is the National Day of New Zealand and the Feast Day of St Amand, St Guarinus of Palestrina, St Hildegund, Saints Mel and Melchu, St Paul Miki and his Companions and St Vedast o