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Births: William Henry Fox Talbot, photographic pioneer, 1800; Thomas Alva Edison, inventor, 1847; Joseph Leo Mankiewicz, director, producer and screenwriter, 1909. Deaths: Jean-Bernard-Lon Foucault, physicist, 1868; John Buchan, first Baron Tweedsmuir, governor-general and novelist, 1940; Sergei Mikhailovich Eisenstein, film director, 1948; Sylvia Plath, poet, 1963; Henry Mayo Bateman, cartoonist, 1970. On this day: the Miracle of Lourdes occurred, when St Bernadette had a vision of the Virgin, 1858; London University received its deed of settlement, 1826; the Welsh Guards (fifth regiment of Guards) was founded, 1915; Margaret Thatcher became the first woman leader of a British political party, 1975; Nelson Mandela was released from prison after 27 years, 1990; the Queen agreed to pay tax on her private income, 1993. Today is the Feast Day of St Benedict of Aniane, St Caedmon, St Gregory II, Pope, St Lazarus of Milan, St Lucius of Adrianople, St Pascal I, Pope, Saints Saturninus, Dativus, and Others and St Severinus of Agaunum.


Births: Thomas Campion, composer and poet, 1567; Charles Darwin, naturalist, 1809; Abraham Lincoln, 16th US President, 1809. Deaths: Lady Jane Grey, Queen for nine days, executed 1553; Immanuel Kant, philosopher, 1804; Charles Francis Annesley Voysey, architect, 1941. On this day: the London County Council was formed, 1889; George Gershwin's Rhapsody in Blue was first performed, New York 1924. Tomorrow is the Feast Day of St Antony Kauleas, St Ethelwald of Lindisfarne, St Julian the Hospitaller, St Ludan, St Marina or Pelagia and St Meletius.