Wednesday 22 February 1995
Births: Laszlo V (Ladislav) or Ladislas Posthumus, boy King of Hungary, 1440; George Washington, First President of the US, 1732; Johann Nikolaus Forkel, organist, 1749; Gilbert Wakefield, classical scholar, 1756; Arthur Schopenhauer, philosopher, 1788; James Russell Lowell, poet and diplomat, 1819; Sir Robert Stephenson Smyth Baden-Powell, first Baron Baden-Powell, founder of the Boy Scouts, 1857; Heinrich Rudolph Hertz, physicist, 1857; Norman Alfred William Lindsay, cartoonist, illustrator and novelist, 1879; Arthur Eric Rowton Gill, artist, sculptor and typographer, 1882; Marguerite Clark, silent film actress, 1883; Lew Cody (Louis Joseph Cote), actor, 1884; Olave St Clair Baden-Powell, World Chief Guide from 1930, 1889; Edna St Vincent Millay, poet, 1892; Nacio Herb Brown, popular composer and publisher, 1896; Luis Buuel, film director, 1900; Rmulo Betancourt, statesman, 1908; Warren Stanley Tute, novelist, sailor and playwright, 1914.
Deaths: Amerigo Vespucci, navigator, 1512; Govaert Flinck, painter, 1660; John Wilson, lutenist, singer and composer, 1674; James Barry, historical painter, 1806; Dr Adam Ferguson, philosopher and historian, 1816; Charles Willson Peale, portrait painter, 1827; Sydney Smith, social reformer, 1845; Sir William Allan, painter, 1850; Jean-Baptiste-Camille Corot, painter, 1875; Sir Charles Lyell, geologist, 1875; Hugo Philipp Jakob Wolf, lieder composer, 1903; Sir Leslie Stephen, biographer, author and editor, 1904; Francisco Idalecio Madero, Mexican politician, 1913; Stefan Zweig, writer, 1942; Sir Max Pemberton, author, 1950; Elizabeth Dorothea Cole Bowen, novelist, 1973; Oskar Kokoschka, painter and playwright, 1980; Andy Warhol (Andrew Warhola), pop artist and film-maker, 1987; Glenway Wescott, novelist and poet, 1987.
On this day: Robert II acceded to the throne of Scotland, 1370; the Westminster Assembly ended, 1648; the last invasion of Britain took place when the French landed at Fishguard, and were made prisoners, 1797; Florida was ceded to the US by Spain, 1819; the Mexicans were defeated by US forces under General Taylor at the Battle of Buena Vista, 1847; Jefferson Davis was inaugurated as president of the Confederate States of America, 1862; Frank Winfield Woolworth opened his first ``five-and-ten-cent-store'', at Utica, New York, 1879; the first British cinema to be built, the Central Hall, Colne, Lancashire, opened, 1906; the National Council for Civil Liberties was founded, 1934; Dr Selman Abraham Waksman announced his discovery of streptomycin, 1946; an IRA bomb attack at Aldershot killed seven people, 1972; Pakistan recognised the independence of Bangladesh, 1974.
Today is the Feast Day of St Baradates, St Margaret of Cortona and Saints Thalassius and Limnaeus.
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- 3 The Simpsons death: Creator Al Jean would 'kill himself' before a character like Homer or Lisa
- 4 British man raped while urinating in bushes at Oktoberfest beer festival in Germany
- 5 Pope Francis assures atheists: You don’t have to believe in God to go to heaven
Five-year-old Iris Grace is raising awareness of autism through her extraordinary paintings
Isis an hour away from Baghdad - with no sign of Iraq army being able to make a successful counter-attack
Car tax disc changes: Two days to go - and they affect you much more than just not displaying a piece of paper
British man raped while urinating in bushes at Oktoberfest beer festival in Germany
George Clooney and Amal Alamuddin wedding: The famous congratulate actor and human rights lawyer after Venice nuptials
Isis, we are told, is a 'clear and dangerous threat to our way of life'. I’m sorry, but I just don’t buy it
Exclusive: 'Putin's Russia has been my biggest regret,' says Nato's outgoing Secretary General
'Women, walk wherever you want' posters taken down in Stamford Hill following 'unacceptable' signs separating men and women
There’s no excuse for Dave Lee Travis’s behaviour, but we need to keep a sense of proportion
Mark Reckless becomes second Tory MP to defect to Ukip in a month
Should gay sex be illegal? 16% of Britons think so
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