Births: Carlo Goldoni, playwright, 1707; Pierre-Firmin-Auguste Renoir, painter, 1841; Benedetto Croce, philosopher, 1866; John Foster Dulles, statesman, 1888; Dame Myra Hess, pianist, 1890; Zeppo (Herbert) Marx, comedian and actor, 1901; Anthony Burgess (John Anthony Burgess Wilson), novelist, philologist, composer and critic, 1917. Deaths: Sir Christopher Wren, architect, 1723; Sir John Tenniel, artist and illustrator, 1914; Mark Rothko, painter, 1970; Tennessee (Thomas Lanier) Williams, playwright, 1983. On this day: Queen Elizabeth I was excommunicated, 1570; the rules of cricket were formulated in the "Star and Garter", Pall Mall, 1774. Today is the Feast Day of St Caesarius of Nazianzen, St Calixto Caravario, St Ethelbert of Kent, St Gerland, St Louis Versiglia, St Tarasius, St Victorinus of Corinth and his Companions and St Walburga.
Births: Victor-Marie Hugo, author, 1802; William Frederick Cody ("Buffalo Bill"), showman, 1846. Deaths: Richard Jordan Gatling, inventor of the Gatling gun, 1903; Caran d'Ache (Emmanuel Poire), illustrator, 1909; Sir Harry Lauder (MacLennan), comedian, 1950. On this day: the Bank of England issued the first one-pound note, 1797; the Grand National steeplechase was first run, 1839; Winston Churchill announced that Britain had produced its own atomic bomb, 1952. Today is the Feast Day of St Alexander of Alexandria, St Nestor of Magydus, St Porphyry of Gaza and St Victor or Vittre the Hermit.
Tate Gallery: Laurence Bradbury, "Willem de Kooning - Dutch Atavism", 1pm.