Anniversaries

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The Independent Online
TODAY: Births: Inigo Jones, architect, 1573; Henry Edward Manning, Cardinal Archbishop of Westminster, 1808. Deaths: James Scott, Duke of Monmouth, illegitimate son of Charles II, executed 1685; William H. Bonney (alias Henry McCarty, or "Billy the Kid"), outlaw, shot by Sheriff Pat Garrett 1881; Anton Pavlovich Chekhov, playwright and author, 1904. On this day: the Crusaders captured Jerusalem, 1099; the Royal Society was granted a royal charter, 1662; the "Marseillaise" was adopted as the French national anthem, 1795. Today is the Feast Day of St Athanasius of Naples, St Barhadbesaba, St Bonaventure, St David of Munktorp, St Donald, St Edith of Polesworth, St Pompilio Pirrotti, St Swithin and St Vladimir of Kiev.

TOMORROW: Births: Sir Joshua Reynolds, painter, 1723; Roald Amundsen, Polar explorer, 1872; Ginger Rogers (Virginia Katherine McMath), actress and dancer, 1911. Deaths: Anne of Cleves, fourth wife of Henry VIII, 1557; Josiah Spode, potter, 1827; Joseph Hilaire Belloc, author, 1953. On this day: Muhammad began his flight from Mecca to Medina (The Hejira), 622; the Tsar of Russia (Nicholas II) and all his family were murdered by Bolsheviks at Ekaterinburg, 1918; the first atomic test bomb was exploded at Los Alamos, New Mexico, 1945. Tomorrow is the Feast Day of St Athenogenes, St Eustathius of Antioch, St Fulrad, St Helier, St Mary Magdalen Postel and St Reineldis.

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