Click to follow
The Independent Online
TODAY: Births: Philip I, King of Spain, 1478; The Rev William Archibald Spooner, originator of "spoonerisms", 1844; Stephen Vincent Benet, poet and novelist, 1898. Deaths: Henry III of France, assassinated 1589; John Meade Falkner, novelist, 1932; Florenz Ziegfeld, theatrical producer, 1932; John Dillinger, "Public Enemy No 1", shot dead 1934. On this day: the English defeated the Scots, led by Wallace, at the Battle of Falkirk, 1298; Belgrade was besieged by the Ottoman Turks, 1456; the Russian unmanned spacecraft Venera 8 made a soft landing on Venus, 1972; Greece and Turkey agreed to a cease-fire in Cyprus, 1974. Today is the Feast Day of St John Lloyd, St Joseph of Palestine, St Mary Magdalen, St Philip Evans and St Vandrille or Wandregesilus.

TOMORROW: Births: Alan Francis Brooke, first Viscount Alanbrooke, field marshal, 1883; Raymond Thornton Chandler, novelist, 1888; Ras Tafari Makonnen, Haile Selassie, Emperor of Ethiopia, 1892. Deaths: Sir Henry Percy (Harry Hotspur), killed in battle 1403; Isaac Merritt Singer, inventor of the sewing machine, 1875; David Wark Griffith, film director, 1948; Edward Montgomery Clift, actor, 1966. On this day: the Battle of Shrewsbury was fought by the Percys against King Henry IV, 1403; Charles Stuart, the Young Pretender, landed at Eriskay Island in the Hebrides, 1745; the "blitz" began in London with an all-night German air raid, 1940; the Duke of York married Sarah Ferguson, 1986. Tomorrow is the Feast Day of St Anne or Susanna, St Apollinaris of Ravenna, St Bridget of Sweden, St John Cassian, St Liborius, St Romula and her Companions and The Three Wise Men.

"British Influences on Mughal Painting", 1.15pm.


Tate Gallery: Laurence Bradbury, "Recognition of Singular Styles", 2.30pm.