Saturday 12 August 1995
TODAY: Births: Robert Southey, poet, 1774; Sir Frederick Arthur Gore Ouseley, composer, 1825; Sir Joseph Barnby, conductor and academic principal, 1838; Mary Roberts Rinehart, novelist and playwright, 1876; Marguerite "John" Radclyffe-Hall, author, 1880; Cecil Blount De Mille, film producer and director, 1881. Deaths: Philippe de Champaigne, painter, 1674; William Blake, poet and painter, 1827; George Stephenson, locomotive engineer, 1848; Thomas Mann, novelist, 1955; Ian Lancaster Fleming, novelist, creator of "James Bond", 1964; Thomas Edward Driberg, first Baron Driberg, journalist, 1976; Henry Fonda, actor, 1982. On this day: the Crusaders were victorious at the Battle of Ascalon, 1099; the Duke of Wellington's troops entered Madrid, 1812; in a contest, the schooner America beat the British yacht Aurora, giving rise later to the "America's Cup", 1851; the United States and Spain concluded an armistice over Cuba and other possessions, 1898. Today is the Feast Day of St Euplus, St Jambert, archbishop of Canterbury, St Murtagh or Muredach and St Porcarius and his Companions.
TOMORROW: Births: Erasmus Bartholin, physicist, 1625; Annie Oakley (Phoebe Anne Oakley Mozee), crack shot, 1860; John Logie Baird, television pioneer, 1888; Alfred Joseph Hitchcock, film director, 1899; Archbishop Makarios III (Michael Christodolou Mouskos), Cypriot priest and president, 1913. Deaths: Gerard David (Gheeraert Davit), painter, 1523; Ferdinand-Victor Eugene Delacroix, painter, 1863; Sir John Everett Millais, painter, 1896; Florence Nightingale, nursing pioneer, 1910; Jules-Emile Frederic Massenet, composer, 1912; Herbert George Wells, novelist, 1946. On this day: Cortes, leading his Spanish troops, took Tenochtitlan (Mexico City), 1521; the French armies were defeated at Blenheim by the Austrians and English, 1704; the frontier between East and West Germany was closed after the East Germans sealed the border, 1961; the last hangings in Britain took place when two men were executed for murder at Liverpool and Manchester, 1964; the last US troops left Vietnam, 1972. Today is the Feast Day of St Benildus, St Cassian of Imola, St Hippolytus of Rome, St Maximus the Confessor, St Narses Klaietus, St Pontian, pope, St Radegund, queen, St Simplician of Milan, St Wigbert.
- 2 How the language you speak changes your view of the world
- 3 Russell Brand backs Ed Miliband: 'You gotta vote Labour'
- 4 General Election 2015: 14-year-old boy asks Nick Clegg – 'can you kill Katie Hopkins?'
Lucy Hawking: Stephen Hawking's daughter writes impassioned open letter to Katie Hopkins about rights of disabled people
Oxygen-starved 'dead zones' with no marine life up to 100-miles long discovered in the Atlantic Ocean
How the language you speak changes your view of the world
General election live: Russell Brand endorses Labour (except in Scotland and Brighton)
Russell Brand backs Ed Miliband: 'You gotta vote Labour'
Over 50,000 families shipped out of London boroughs in the past three years due to welfare cuts and soaring rents
EU asylum policy is 'a direct threat to our civilisation', says Nigel Farage
The Rothschild Libel: Why has it taken 200 years for an anti-Semitic slur that emerged from the Battle of Waterloo to be dismissed?
General Election 2015: SNP and its activists 'openly racist' towards the English, Farage says
General Election 2015: UK will be 'run for the wealthy and powerful' if Tories retain power, Labour warns
Schools forced to act as 'miniature welfare states' with teachers buying underwear and even haircuts for poor pupils
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