Click to follow
The Independent Online
Births: Lucrezia Borgia, Duchess of Ferrara, daughter of Pope Alexander VI, 1480; Sir Francis Baring, banker and merchant, 1740; Bernhard Anselm Weber, pianist, conductor and composer, 1764; George Henry Lewes, journalist and critic, 1817; Franz von Supp (Francesco Ezechiele Ermenegildo Suppe Demelli), composer, 1820; Henry Clarence Kendall, poet, 1839; Antero Tarquinio de Quental, poet, 1842; Sir George Clausen, painter, 1852; Leopold Antonin Stanislaw Boleslawowicz Stokowski, conductor and composer, 1882; Sir Arnold Henry Moore Lunn, skier, 1888.

Deaths: Filippino Lippi, painter, 1504; John Leland, antiquary, 1552; John Foxe, author of The Book of Martyrs, 1587; George Jeffreys, First Baron Jeffreys of Wem, infamous judge, 1689; Erasmus Darwin, physician and writer, 1802; Count Istvn Szchenyi, statesman, committed suicide 1860; Sir Robert Smirke, architect 1867; Sir Anthony Panizzi, principal librarian of the British Museum, 1879; Gustave Moreau, French painter, 1898; Ottorino Respighi, composer, 1936; Sir Richard Runciman Terry, musicologist, 1938; Herbert Albert Laurens Fisher, historian, 1940; Florrie Forde, music- hall artiste, 1940; Ccile Chaminade, composer, 1944; Sir John Ambrose Fleming, electrical engineer, 1945; Leonard Bloomfield, linguist and philologist, 1949; Albert Einstein, physicist, 1955; Ben Hecht, journalist and playwright, 1964; Benny Hill (Alfred Hawthorn Hill), comedian, 1993; Dame Elisabeth Frink, sculptor, 1993.

On this day: the 2,000 Guineas horse-race was first run at Newmarket, 1809; the remains of David Livingstone were interred in Westminster Abbey, 1874; the Natural History Museum in South Kensington was opened, 1881; San Francisco was devastated by a great earthquake, 1906; the International Court of Justice was opened at the Hague, 1946; the League of Nations was formally dissolved, and its assets handed over to the United Nations, 1946; the Republic of Ireland Act came into force, when Eire became a republic, 1949; France, West Germany, Italy, Belgium, Luxembourg and the Netherlands set up the Coal and Steel Community, 1951; after seizing power, Colonel Nasser became prime minister and military governor of Egypt, 1954; the first Bandoeng Conference began, 1955; London Bridge was sold to a US oil company; the bridge was later re-erected in Arizona, 1968; the US Senate voted that in 1999 the Panama Canal would be turned over to the Republic of Panama, 1978.

Today is the Feast Day of St Apollonius the Apologist, Saints Eleutherius and Anthia, St Galdinus, St Idesbald and St Laserian or Molaisse.