Monday 15 May 1995
Deaths: Ephraim Chambers, encyclopaedist, 1740; Richard Wilson, landscape painter, 1782; John Wall Callcott, composer, 1782; Edmund Kean, actor, 1833; Daniel O'Connell, Irish leader, 1847; Robert Hare, chemist, 1858; Emily Elizabeth Dickinson, poet, 1886; Edwin Longsden Long, painter, 1891; Joseph Whitaker, publisher and founder of Whitaker's Almanack, 1895; Etienne- Jules Marey, motion-picture pioneer, 1904; William John Locke, novelist, 1930; Tsuyoshi Inukai, Japanese prime minister, assassinated 1932; Philip, Viscount Snowden, statesman, 1937; Charles Walter Stansby Williams, author and playwright, 1945; Herbert Wilcox, film producer, 1977; Sir Robert Menzies, former prime minister of Australia, 1978; Rita Hayworth (Margarita Carmen Cansino), actress, 1987.
On this day: the Yorkists defeated the Lancastrians at the Battle of Hexham, 1464; the Anabaptists were defeated at the Battle of Frankenhausen, 1525; Captain Bartholomew Gosnold was the first European to set foot in New England, 1602; the Ashmolean Museum, Oxford (named after Elias Ashmole), was founded, 1679; an attempt was made by James Hatfield to assassinate King George III at the Drury Lane Theatre, 1800; the Theatre Royal Covent Garden (Royal Opera House) third theatre was opened, 1858; Giuseppe Garibaldi defeated the Neapolitan army at the Battle of Calatafimi, 1860; the US Department of Agriculture was in- augurated, 1862; General Henri Ptain became French commander-in-chief, 1917; the world's first long- distance regular air mail service was begun between Philadelphia and New York, 1918; Germany ceded Upper Silesia to Poland, 1922; the first London production of the musical show Music Box Revue was presented, 1923; the world's first air hostess, Ellen Church, flew in a Boeing 80A from Oakland, California, to Cheyenne, Wyoming, 1930; the Gloster-Whittle E28/39 turbojet flew for the first time, 1941; Burma was evacuated by British and Indian troops, 1942; the Vienna Treaty was signed by Britain, France, the US and USSR, restoring Austria as an independent nation, 1955; a British nuclear bomb was exploded at Christmas Island, in the central Pacific, 1957; in Bavaria, an avalanche on the Zugspitze mountain hit a hotel, burying 130 residents, and killing 40, 1965; Governor George C. Wallace was shot and seriously wounded at Laurel, Maryland 1972; General Spinola was inaugurated as president of Portugal, 1984; Mme Edith Cresson became the first woman prime minister of France, 1991.
Today is the Feast Day of Saints Bertha and Rupert, St Dymphna, St Gerebernus, St Hallvard, St Hilary of Galeata, St Isaias of Rostov, St Isidore of Chios, St Isidore the Farmer, St Peter of Lampsacus and St Torquatus and his Companions.
- 1 Strictly Come Dancing 2014: Gregg Wallace joins line-up as final celebrities revealed
- 2 Keira Knightley topless: Usually conservative actress does own take on #Freethenipple campaign for Interview Magazine
- 3 Oil tanker with $100 million cargo goes missing off Texas coast
- 4 Saudi Arabia executes 19 in one half of August in 'disturbing surge of beheadings'
- 5 Brother and sister, Christopher Buckner and Timothy Savoy, arrested for 'committing incest after watching 'The Notebook''
YouTube video posted by Isis militants shows 'execution of 250 Syrian soldiers'
Keira Knightley topless: Usually conservative actress does own take on #Freethenipple campaign for Interview Magazine
Oil tanker with $100 million cargo goes missing off Texas coast
George Galloway left with severe bruising after attack in Notting Hill by man 'shouting about the Holocaust'
Brother and sister, Christopher Buckner and Timothy Savoy, arrested for 'committing incest after watching 'The Notebook''
Robin Williams Emmys tribute led by Billy Crystal criticised for including 'racist' joke about Muslim woman
The Rotherham child abuse scandal is a tale of apologists, misogyny and double standards
What do immigrants really think of Britain? Polish immigrant's Reddit post goes viral
Scottish independence TV debate: Pumped-up Alex Salmond bounces back in bruising second round against Alistair Darling
Do you realise just how foolish the UK looks?
With Douglas Carswell joining Ukip, my party has taken another giant step forward
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