Anniversaries

Anniversaries

Births: Sir Dudley North, financier and economist, 1641; John Opie, artist, 1761; John Sell Cotman, water-colour artist, 1782; Friedrich Rckert, poet, 1788; Elizabeth Palmer Peabody, educationist, 1804; Eduard Hille, composer and conductor, 1822; David Edward Hughes, inventor of the microphone and teleprinter, 1831; Philip Danforth Armour, food industrialist, 1832; Richard Tauber (Ernst Seiffert), tenor and conductor, 1892; Herbert Ernest Bates, novelist, 1905; Henry Fonda, actor, 1905; Woody (Woodrow Charles) Herman, jazz clarinetist and bandleader, 1913; Liberace (Wladsiu Valentino), pianist and entertainer, 1919; Martine Carol, actress, 1922.

Deaths: Pietro da Cortona (Berrettini), painter and architect, 1669; Charles Perrault, author and fairy-tale writer, 1703; Button Gwinnett, American revolutionary leader, in a duel 1777; Daniel Charles Solander, botanist, 1782; Baron Jean Baptiste Joseph Fourier, mathematician, 1830; Felicia Dorothea Hemans, poet and hymn-writer, 1835; Ferdinand de Braekeleer, painter, 1883; Edward Augustus Freeman, historian, 1892; Mili Alexeyevich Balakirev, composer, 1910; Sir Edmund William Gosse, poet and author, 1928; Lilli Lehmann, soprano, 1929; William Pember Reeves, politician and poet, 1932; Stephen Fairbairn, oarsman and coach, 1938; Bronislaw Kasper Malinowski, anthropologist, 1942; George Ade, novelist and playwright, 1944; Max Brand (Frederick Schiller Faust) Western author, 1944; Sir William Newzam Prior Nicholson, painter and engraver, 1949; Randolph Turpin, boxer, shot dead in his home 1966; Michael Abdul Malik, Black Power leader, hanged for murder in Trinidad 1975; Irwin Shaw, author, 1984.

On this day: the Batavian Republic was established in Holland, 1795; the Lombardic Republic was established, 1796; during the Peninsular War, the French were defeated by the Allies at Albuera, 1811; the Kentucky Derby was first run at Louisville, Kentucky, 1875; the world's first electric tram went into public service, Lichterfelde, near Berlin 1881; remains of Neanderthal man were found in Jersey, 1911; the Zeppelin Deutschland was wrecked at Dsseldorf, 1911; the White Star liner Majestic, the largest vessel to date, completed her first voyage from Southampton to New York in five and a half days, 1922; the first Academy Awards for films ceremony was held in Hollywood - best actor was Emil Jannings, best actress, Janet Gaynor, 1929; the first British air hostess, Daphne Kearley, flew in an Avro 642 from Croydon to Le Bourget, France, 1936; a ''bouncing bomb'' invented by Dr Barnes Wallis was dropped on the large Mhne and Eder dams in the Ruhr, Germany 1943; an earthquake in Northern Japan killed 47 and injured 217, 1968; the Soviet spacecraft Venus 5 touched down on Venus, 1969; Queen Elizabeth addressed the US Congress, the first British monarch to do so, 1991.

Today is the Feast Day of St Brendan, St Carantoc or Carannog, St Domnolus of Le Mans, St Germerius or Germier, St Honoratus of Amiens, St John Nepomucen, St Peregrinus of Auxerre, St Possidius, St Simon Stock and St Ubaldus of Gubbio.

Start your day with The Independent, sign up for daily news emails
PROMOTED VIDEO
ebooks
ebooksA year of political gossip, levity and intrigue from the sharpest pen in Westminster
Latest stories from i100
Have you tried new the Independent Digital Edition apps?
Independent Dating
and  

By clicking 'Search' you
are agreeing to our
Terms of Use.

iJobs Job Widget
iJobs People

Recruitment Genius: HR Manager

£25000 - £30000 per annum: Recruitment Genius: They are in need of a HR Manage...

h2 Recruit Ltd: Business Development Manager - HR Consultancy - £65,000 OTE

£35000 - £40000 per annum + £65,000 OTE: h2 Recruit Ltd: London, Birmingham, M...

Day In a Page

War with Isis: The West needs more than a White Knight

The West needs more than a White Knight

Despite billions spent on weapons, the US has not been able to counter Isis's gruesome tactics, says Patrick Cockburn
Return to Helmand: Private Davey Graham recalls the day he was shot by the Taliban

'The day I was shot by the Taliban'

Private Davey Graham was shot five times during an ambush in 2007 - it was the first, controversial photograph to show the dangers our soldiers faced in Helmand province
Revealed: the best and worst airlines for delays

Revealed: the best and worst airlines for delays

Many flyers are failing to claim compensation to which they are entitled, a new survey has found
The stories that defined 2014: From the Scottish independence referendum to the Ice Bucket Challenge, our writers voice their opinions

The stories that defined 2014

From the Scottish independence referendum to the Ice Bucket Challenge, our writers voice their opinions
Stoke-on-Trent becomes first British city to be classified as 'disaster resilient' by the United Nations

Disaster looming? Now you know where to head...

Which British city has become the first to be awarded special 'resilience' status by the UN?
Finally, a diet that works: Californian pastor's wildly popular Daniel Plan has seen his congregation greatly reduced

Finally, a diet that works

Californian pastor's wildly popular Daniel Plan has seen his congregation greatly reduced
Say it with... lyrics: The power of song was never greater, according to our internet searches

Say it with... lyrics

The power of song was never greater, according to our internet searches
Professor Danielle George: On a mission to bring back the art of 'thinkering'

The joys of 'thinkering'

Professor Danielle George on why we have to nurture tomorrow's scientists today
Monique Roffey: The author on father figures, the nation's narcissism and New Year reflections

Monique Roffey interview

The author on father figures, the nation's narcissism and New Year reflections
Introducing my anti-heroes of 2014

Introducing my anti-heroes of 2014

Their outrageousness and originality makes the world a bit more interesting, says Ellen E Jones
DJ Taylor: Good taste? It's all a matter of timing...

Good taste? It's all a matter of timing...

It has been hard to form generally accepted cultural standards since the middle of the 19th century – and the disintegration is only going to accelerate, says DJ Taylor
Olivia Jacobs & Ben Caplan: 'Ben thought the play was called 'Christian Love'. It was 'Christie in Love' - about a necrophiliac serial killer'

How we met

Olivia Jacobs and Ben Caplan
Bill Granger recipes: Our chef's breakfasts will revitalise you in time for the New Year

Bill Granger's healthy breakfasts

Our chef's healthy recipes are perfect if you've overindulged during the festive season
Transfer guide: From Arsenal to West Ham - what does your club need in the January transfer window?

Who does your club need in the transfer window?

Most Premier League sides are after a striker, but here's a full run down of the ins and outs that could happen over the next month
The Last Word: From aliens at FA to yak’s milk in the Tour, here’s to 2015

Michael Calvin's Last Word

From aliens at FA to yak’s milk in the Tour, here’s to 2015