Wednesday 17 May 1995
Births: Edward Jenner, surgeon and discoverer of vaccination, 1749; Anna Brownell Jameson, author, 1794; Robert Smith Surtees, novelist, 1803; Sir Joseph Norman Lockyer, astronomer, 1836; Erik Satie (Alfred Erik Leslie- Satie), composer, 1866; Henri Barbusse, editor and novelist, 1873; Dorothy Miller Richardson, novelist, 1873; Dennis Christopher George Potter, playwright and scriptwriter, 1935.
Deaths: Sandro Botticelli (Alessandro di Mariano dei Filipepi), painter, 1510; Matthew Parker, Archbishop of Canterbury, 1575; Cornelis de Heem, painter, 1695; Catherine I, Empress of Russia, 1727; Charles-Maurice de Talleyrand-Prigord, statesman, 1838; Lydia Estes Pinkham, patent- medicine manufacturer, 1883; Timothy Cole, wood engraver, 1931; John Selwyn Brooke Selwyn-Lloyd, former Speaker of the House of Commons, 1978; Margaret Hamilton, actress, 1985.
On this day: Louis Joliet and Jacques Marquette set out to explore the Mississippi, 1673; Frederick the Great, Emperor of Prussia, was victorious against the Austrians at the Battles of Czaslau and Chotusitz, 1742; the Revised Version of the New Testament was issued, 1881; the first regular weekly comic paper, Comic Cuts, was issued by Alfred Harmsworth, 1890; Mascagni's opera Cavalleria Rusticana was first performed, Rome, 1890; the foundation stone of the Victoria and Albert Museum was laid by Queen Victoria, 1899; Mafeking, under siege by the Boers, was relieved by Colonel Plumer, 1900; the first London production of the operetta The Marriage Market was presented, 1913; the first flight by KLM (Koninklijke Luchtvaart Maatschappij) was made, 1920; Chiang Kai-shek was made supreme war lord in Canton, 1926; Germany invaded France, 1940; the United States Supreme Court ruled that segregation in public schools was unconstitutional, 1954.
Today is the Feast Day of St Bruno of Wrzburg, St Madron or Madern and St Paschal Baylon.
- 1 Nigel Farage: Me vs Russell Brand on Question Time – he's got the chest hair but where are his ideas?
- 2 Harry Potter fans can apply to the Hogwarts-inspired College of Wizardry
- 3 Jessica Chambers: 19-year-old woman 'doused with lighter fluid and burned alive' in the US
- 4 Russell Brand calls Nigel Farage 'poundshop Enoch Powell' in BBC Question Time debate
- 5 Orange Wednesdays are no more
Weather bomb in pictures: Storms cuts power for tens of thousands – and snow is on the way
Jessica Chambers: 19-year-old woman 'doused with lighter fluid and burned alive' in the US
Russell Brand calls Nigel Farage 'poundshop Enoch Powell' in BBC Question Time debate
Russell Brand was rendered speechless on Question Time by this man
Fury at Airbus after it hints the super-jumbo may be mothballed
Disgruntled RBS worker writes hilarious open letter to Russell Brand after anti-capitalist publicity stunt leaves him hungry
Shock poll shows voters believe Ukip is to the left of the Tories
Nigel Farage's approval rating hits 'record low' as popularity suffers in wake of Ukip sex scandal
Nigel Farage defends Kerry Smith 'ch***y' comment: 'If you are going for a Chinese, what do you say you’re going for?'
Ukip candidate jokes about 'shooting peasants' in racist and homophobic rant
Pakistan school attack live: Taliban kill at least 132 children in 'horrifying' massacre
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