Thursday 18 May 1995
Births: Kawanabe Kyosai, painter, 1831; Wilhelm Steinitz, chess champion, 1836; Oliver Heaviside, physicist, 1850; William Heinemann, publisher, 1863; Tsar Nicholas II of Russia, 1868; Bertrand Arthur William Russell, third Earl Russell, philosopher, 1872; Walter Adolph Gropius, architect, 1883; Frank Capra, writer and film director, 1897; Fred Perry (Frederick John Perry), tennis-player, businessman and broadcaster, 1909. Deaths: Elias Ashmole, antiquarian, 1692; Pierre- Augustin Caron de Beaumarchais, playwright, 1799; John Bellingham, murderer of Spencer Perceval, prime minister, executed 1812; Sir Oswald Walters Brierly, marine painter, 1817; Gustav Mahler, composer, 1911; William Saroyan, author, 1981. On this day: Henry II, King of England, married Eleanor of Aquitaine, 1152; Montreal (Ville Marie) in Canada was founded, 1642; Napoleon was proclaimed Emperor of France, 1804; after seceding from the established Church of Scotland, the Free Church of Scotland was founded, 1843; the present Eddystone Lighthouse was opened, 1882; Monte Cassino, Italy, was captured by the Allies, 1944; the European Convention of Human Rights came into force, 1954; the first London production of the musical show The Sound of Music was presented, 1961; in Washington State, Mount St Helens erupted in a power blast 500 times more powerful than the Hiroshima atom bomb, 1980. Today is the Feast Day of St Elgiva, St Eric, king of Sweden, St Felix of Cantalicio, St John I, pope, St Potamon and Saints Theodotus and Thecusa.
- 1 Exodus Gods and Kings: Ridley Scott never considered casting 'Mohammad so-and-so from such-and-such' in lead role
- 2 This letter from a reader explains why women can’t play football
- 3 'You should come to my house and eat cheeses with me': 4-year-old sends adorable love letter to girl at school
- 4 Scientists predict green energy revolution after incredible new graphene discoveries
- 5 Michael Buerk wishes he'd killed Jimmy Savile when he had the chance - by pushing him overboard a cruise ship
Black Friday 2014: Opening times for Asda, John Lewis, GAME, PC World and Argos
Miss Honduras Maria Jose Alvarado's stylist Luis Alfredo Garcia is found stabbed to death
Sean Abbott: Messages of support flood in for bowler following death of batsman Phil Hughes
Dr Lam Hoe Yeoh: Voyeur doctor jailed for eight years after using network of hidden cameras to film patients, colleagues and friends on the toilet
'You should come to my house and eat cheeses with me': 4-year-old sends adorable love letter to girl at school
Ukip says babies born to immigrants in the UK should be classed as migrants – which would include Nigel Farage’s own children
The young are the new poor: Sharp increase in number of under-25s living in poverty, while over-65s are better off than ever
Tamir Rice: 12-year-old boy playing with fake gun dies after being shot by Ohio police
Rochester aftermath: Sacking of Emily Thornberry will make work of Labour MPs '10 times harder'
Ed Miliband's 'north London set' must be demolished to save Labour, say critics
Sarah Vine criticises lesbian mother Jack Monroe: 'If she was unsure about her sexuality, she should have taken greater precautions'
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