Wednesday 24 May 1995
Births: Gabriel Daniel Fahrenheit, inventor of the mercury thermometer, 1686; Jean-Paul Marat, politician and physician, 1743; Louis-Francois Dauprat, horn-player and composer, 1781; Victoria, Queen and Empress, 1819; Frederick Walker, painter, 1840; Tito Mattei, pianist and composer, 1841; Sir Ernest Albert Waterlow, water-colour painter, 1850; Admiral Prince Louis Mountbatten, 1854; Sir Arthur Wing Pinero, playwright, 1855; Jan Christiaan Smuts, soldier and statesman, 1870; Suzanne Lenglen, tennis player, 1899; George Formby (William Hoy Booth), singer and comedian, 1904; Mai Elisabeth Zetterling, film actress and film-maker, 1925.
Deaths: David I, King of Scots, 1153; Nicolaus Copernicus, astronomer, 1543; Robert Cecil, First Earl of Salisbury, statesman, 1612; George Brydges, first Baron Rodney, naval officer, 1792; William Crockford, club- man and gambler, 1844; Jane Porter, novelist, 1850; William Lloyd Garrison, abolitionist, 1879; Samuel Palmer, landscape painter, 1881; John Foster Dulles, statesman, 1959; Bernard Rogers, composer, 1968; Edward Kennedy ''Duke'' Ellington, musician, 1974; Jack Warner (Waters), film actor and variety artiste, 1981; Hermione Ferdinanda Gingold, actress, 1987; Hamish Hamilton, publisher, 1988.
On this day: Lambert Simnel, pretender to the English throne, was crowned in Dublin 1487; the explorer George Evans discovered the Lachlan river, Australia, 1815; Samuel Morse sent his first telegraphic message in his code from Washington to Baltimore, 1844; Westminster Bridge across the river Thames was opened, 1862; Brooklyn Bridge, New York, was opened, 1883; Henry Irving became the first theatrical knight, 1895; the Orange Free State was annexed by Britain, 1900; Empire Day was first celebrated in Britain, 1902; conscription began in Britain, 1916; the British Legion was founded, 1921; Amy Johnson landed at Port Darwin after flying from London, 1930; the cruiser HMS Hood was sunk by the Bismarck off Greenland, 1941; Empire Day was renamed Commonwealth Day, 1959.
Today is the Feast Day of St David I of Scotland, Saints Donatian and Rogatian, St Nicetas of Pereaslav and St Vincent of Lerins.
- 1 Scottish referendum: So how about the English now being given a chance to split from England?
- 2 Friends 20th anniversary: Alison Jackson photographs reunited cast
- 5 Free U2 album: How the most generous giveaway in music history turned into a PR disaster
Scottish independence referendum: Frankie Boyle reacts to nation's 'No' vote - 'To be fair, I've always hated Scotland'
London council removes 'unacceptable' Stamford Hill posters telling women which side of the road to walk down
Iranian blogger found guilty of insulting Prophet Mohammad on Facebook sentenced to death
Scottish referendum: Police struggle to control Unionist rally in Glasgow's George Square
Hitler’s former food taster reveals the horrors of the Wolf’s Lair
Scottish independence referendum: A nation divided against itself
Scottish referendum results: Cross-party consensus collapses amid Tory-Labour spat on the 'English question'
Scottish independence: David Cameron is becoming the 'George Bush of Britain'
Russia freezes Ukraine into submission: Kiev admits country doesn't have enough fuel for winter
Archbishop of Canterbury admits doubts about existence of God
Portuguese academic says British are 'filthy, violent and drunk'
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