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Births: David Hume, philosopher and historian, 1711; Robert Browning, poet, 1812; Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky, composer, 1840; Josip Broz Tito, president of Yugoslavia, 1892.

Deaths: George Lansbury, leader of the Labour Party, 1940; Sir James George Frazer, anthropologist, 1941; Max Miller, comedian, 1963.

On this day: HMS Victory, Nelson's flagship, was launched at Chatham, 1765; the Cunard liner Lusitania was sunk by a German submarine, with a total of 1,198 lives lost, 1915; the qualifying age of women voters was reduced from 30 to 21, 1928; Leonid Brezhnev became chief of state of the Soviet Union, 1960.

Today is the Feast Day of St Domitian of Maestricht, St John of Beverley, St Letard or Liudhard and Saints Serenicus and Serenus.