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The Independent Online
Births: Edward Jenner, surgeon and discoverer of vaccination, 1749; Erik Satie, composer, 1866; Dorothy Miller Richardson, novelist, 1873.

Deaths: Sandro Botticelli, painter, 1510; Lydia Estes Pinkham, patent-medicine manufacturer, 1883; John Selwyn Brooke Selwyn-Lloyd, former Speaker of the House of Commons, 1978.

On this day: Mafeking, under siege by the Boers, was relieved, 1900; Germany invaded France, 1940.

Today is the Feast Day of St Bruno of Wurzburg, St Madron or Madern.