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Births: Charles, Duc d'Orleans, poet, 1391; John Churchill, first Duke of Marlborough, military commander, 1650; Lady Mary Wortley Montagu, writer, 1689; Princess Mary of Teck (Queen Mary, consort of King George V), 1867; Henry Farman, aircraft designer, 1874; Al Jolson (Asa Yoelson), singer and entertainer, 1886; Sir Eugene Aynesley Goossens, composer and conductor, 1893; John Wayne (Marion Michael Morrison), actor, 1907; Robert Morley, actor and playwright, 1908.

Deaths: St Augustine, First Archbishop of Canterbury, 604; Samuel Pepys, diarist, 1703; Thomas Southerne, playwright, 1746; Jacques Laffitte, banker and politician, 1844; Ernest Solvay, industrial chemist, 1922; Wilbur Daniel Steele, short story writer, 1970; Jacques Lipchitz, sculptor and poet, 1973; George Brent (George Brendan Nolan), actor, 1979.

On this day: the Pequot Indian stronghold in Connecticut was destroyed by a force led by Captain John Mason, 1637; King Charles II landed at Dover, 1660; the wild boy Kaspar Hauser was discovered in the marketplace of Nuremberg, 1828; in the US, President Johnson proclaimed an amnesty to all Confederate States, 1865; Michael Barrett, Fenian terrorist, was hanged for causing an explosion and 13 deaths - Britain's last public execution, 1868; Ismailia was annexed to Egypt, 1871; Emily Duncan, the first woman magistrate in Britain, was appointed, 1913; in South Africa, a Nationalist government was elected with apartheid policies, 1948; Guyana became independent, 1966.

Today is the Feast Day of St Dyfan, St Lambert of Venice, St Mariana of Quito, St Philip Neri, St Priscus or Prix of Auxerre and St Quadratus of Athens.