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TODAY: Births: Increase Mather, President of Harvard, 1639; Henry Ossawa Tanner, painter, 1859; Mack Gordon (Morris Gittler), lyricist, 1904; Jean-Paul Sartre, writer, 1905. Deaths: Edward III, King of England, 1377; Niccol di Bernardo dei Machiavelli, diplomat and writer, 1527; Inigo Jones, architect, 1652; John Hatchard, publisher and bookseller, 1849. On this day: Dulwich College was founded, 1619; the foundation of stone of the new St Paul's Cathedral, London, was laid, 1675; the Royal College of Surgeons was founded, 1843; the musical Evita was first produced, London, 1978. Today is the Summer Solstice (longest day) and the Feast Day of St Agofredus, St Alban of Mainz, St Aloysius Gonzaga, St Engelmund, St Eusebius of Samosata, St John Rigby, St Leutfrid or Leufroi and St Maine or Meen.

TOMORROW: Births: Sir Henry Rider Haggard, novelist, 1856; Sir Peter Pears, tenor, 1910. Deaths: Roger I, King of Sicily, 1101; Walter John De La Mare, poet and author, 1956; Judy Garland (Frances Gumm), actress and singer, 1969; Fred Astaire (Frederick Austerlitz), actor and dancer, 1987. On this day: Charles the Bold of Burgundy was defeated by the Swiss at the Battle of Morat, 1476; the first cricket match was played at Lord's Cricket Ground (present site), 1814. Tomorrow is the Feast Day of St Aaron of Brittany, St Alban of Verulam, St Eberhard of Salzburg, St John Fisher, St Joseph Cafasso, St Paulinus of Nola and St Thomas More.