Anniversaries

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The Independent Online
Anniversaries

Births: Edward I, King, 1239; Pedro Caldern de la Barca, playwright, 1600; Jan van Mieris, painter, 1660; John Wesley, evangelist, 1703; Ferdinand Freiligrath, poet, 1810; Charles-Francois Gounod, composer, 1818; Alfred James Hipkins, piano maker, 1826; Sir William Crookes, physicist, 1832; Igor Fyodorovich Stravinsky, composer, 1882; Martin Bormann, Nazi leader, 1900; Dean Martin (Dino Paul Crocetti), singer and actor, 1917. Deaths: Giacomo Torelli, theatrical designer, 1678; John III Sobieski, King of Poland, 1696; Joseph Addison, essayist, 1719; Jean Audran, artist and engraver, 1756; Prosper-Jolyot de Crebillon, playwright, 1762; Selina Hastings, Countess of Huntingdon, Methodist reformer, 1791; Lord William Bentinck, governor-general of India, 1839; Richard Harris Barham, poet and author of the Ingoldsby Legends, 1845; William Hart, landscape and cattle painter, 1894; Sir Edward Coley Burne-Jones, painter, 1898; Dorothy Miller Richardson, novelist, 1957; John Cowper Powys, novelist and poet, 1963. On this day: Francis Drake proclaimed English sovereignty over New Albion (now California), 1579; the Battle of Bunker Hill, beginning the American War of Independence, was fought, 1775; the Third Estate (tiers etat) or Commons, formed themselves into the French National Assembly, 1789; the Opera House, London, burned down, 1789; Maori uprisings against the British began in New Zealand, 1843; the Great Eastern left the Needles, Isle of Wight, on her first transatlantic voyage, 1860; Iceland was proclaimed an independent republic, 1944; China reported that she had exploded a hydrogen bomb, 1967; General Leopoldo Galtieri was ousted as president of Argentina, 1982; the South African Parliament repealed a law, by which apartheid was ended, 1991. Today is the Feast Day of St Adolph, St Antidius, St Avitus or Avy of Perche, St Bessarion, Saints Botulph and Adulph, St Emily de Vialar, St Gregory Barbarigo, St Herve or Herveus of Brittany, St Hypatius, St Molling, St Nectan, Saints Nicander and Marcian and St Teresa of Portugal.

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