TODAY: Births: Sigmund Freud, neurologist and psychoanalyst, 1856; Rudolph Valentino, actor, 1895; George Orson Welles, actor, director and writer, 1915. Deaths: Cornelius Jansen, theologian, 1638; Maria Montessori, physician and educationist, 1952; Marlene Dietrich (Maria Magdalene Dietrich), actress, 1992. On this day: the first postage stamp, the Penny Black, was issued, 1840; the Zeppelin Hindenburg crashed and was destroyed by fire at Lakehurst, New Jersey, 1937; Josef Stalin became leader of the government of the Soviet Union, 1941; Roger Bannister ran the first four-minute mile, 1954. Today is the Feast Day of St Edbert, St Evodius of Antioch, St John Before the Latin Gate and St Petronax.
TOMORROW: Births: Robert Browning, poet, 1812; Johannes Brahms, composer, 1833; Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky, composer, 1840; Gary Cooper (Frank James Cooper), actor, 1901; Maria Eva Duarte Pern (Ibarguren), Argentine leader, 1919. Deaths: Caspar David Friedrich, landscape painter, 1840; William Hesketh Lever, first Viscount Leverhulme, soap millionaire, 1925; Max Miller, comedian, 1963. On this day: the first Theatre Royal, Drury Lane, opened in London, 1663; the Cunard liner Lusitania was sunk by a German submarine, with a total of 1,198 lives lost, 1915; the qualifying age of women voters was reduced from 30 to 21, 1928; Germany surrendered unconditionally to the Allies, 1945. Tomorrow is the Feast Day of St Domitian of Maestricht, St John of Beverley, St Letard or Liudhard and Saints Serenicus and Serenus.Reuse content