Birthdays

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The Independent Online
Birthdays

Prince Hans Adam II of Liechtenstein, 51; The Right Rev Michael Ball, Bishop of Truro, 64; The Right Rev Peter Ball, former Bishop of Gloucester, 64; Mr John Butterfill MP, 55; Sir John Clark, former chairman and chief executive, the Plessey Co, 70; Professor Evelyn Ebsworth, Vice-Chancellor, Durham University, 63; Sir Arnold Elton, consultant surgeon, 76; Sir Jack Hibbert, former director, Central Statistical Office, 64; Sir Derrick Holden-Brown, former Chairman, Allied-Lyons, 73; Mr Kevin Keegan, footballer, 45; Mr Christopher Lillicrap, actor and musician, 47; Mr John MacGregor MP, 59; Miss Manuela Maleeva, tennis player, 29; Miss Lois Maxwell, actress, 69; Countess Mountbatten of Burma, Vice-Chairman, NSPCC, 72; Professor Sir Charles Oatley, electrical engineer, 92; The Hon Hanning Philipps, former Lord-Lieutenant of Dyfed, 92; Mr Michael Rudman, theatre director and producer, 57; Dr Sir Albert Sloman, former Vice-Chancellor, Essex University, 75; Sir Nicol Stenhouse, former President, Bengal Chamber of Commerce and Industry, 85; Sir Jocelyn Stevens, chairman, English Heritage, 64; Mr Duncan Stewart, former Principal, Lady Margaret Hall, Oxford, 66; Mr Alexander Stewart- Moore, former chairman, Gallaher, 81; Lord Wilson of Tillyorn, chairman, Scottish Hydro- Electric, 61.

Anniversaries

Births: Pietro Francesco (Caletti di Bruni) Cavalli, composer, 1602; Frederick Philip Grove (Felix Paul Berthold Friedrich Greve), novelist, 1879; Jack Benny (Benjamin Kubelsky), comedian and actor, 1894. Deaths: King Richard II, 1400; Captain James Cook, sea-captain and explorer, murdered 1779; Sir Pelham Granville (P.G.) Wodehouse, novelist, 1975; Sir Julian Sorell Huxley, biologist and philosopher, 1975. On this day: the Spanish Fleet was defeated off Cape St Vincent by John Jervis and Horatio Nelson, 1797; Marconi began the first regular broadcasting transmissions in England, 1922; following a night and day bombardment by US Air Force and RAF heavy bombers, the German city of Dresden was reduced to a ruin, 1945; the Bank of England was nationalised, 1946; the Ayatollah Khomeini, Iranian leader, pronounced a fatwa on the author Salman Rushdie, alleging blasphemy in his book The Satanic Verses, 1989. Today is the Feast Day of St Abraham of Carrhae, St Adolf of Osnabruck, St Antoninus of Sorrento, St Auxentius, St Conran, Saints Cyril and Methodius, St John Baptist of the Conception, St Maro and St Valentine.

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