Birthdays and Anniversaries

Birthdays

Major Kenneth Adams, Honorary Fellow, St George's House, Windsor Castle, 77; Mr Rowan Atkinson, actor and comedian, 42; Mr Paul Azinger, golfer, 37; Lord Balfour of Burleigh, Chancellor, Stirling University, 70; Mr Roger Barton, MEP, 52; Sir Ashley Bramall, former chairman of the GLC, 81; Sir Robert Clark, chairman, Mirror Group Newspapers, 73; Mr John Clive, actor and writer, 59; Mr John Croft, painter and criminologist, 74; Mr Angus Deayton, writer and broadcaster, 41; Mr Kapil Dev, cricketer, 38; M Sacha Distel, singer, 65; General Sir Martin Farndale, Master Gunner, St James's Park, 68; Sir Hugh Fish, water technologist, 74; Mr Barry John, former Welsh rugby international, 52; Mr P.J. Kavanagh, poet and novelist, 66; Mr Christopher Lewinton, chairman and chief executive, TI Group, 65; Miss Nancy Lopez-Melton, golfer, 40; Professor Lord McColl of Dulwich, surgeon, 64; Sir Brian Moffat, chairman and chief executive, British Steel, 58; Mr Martin O'Neill MP, 52; Lord Plowden, former chairman, Atomic Energy Committee, 90; Mr Bill Sirs, former trade union leader, 77; Mr John Sowden, former chairman, Costain Group, 80; Miss Sylvia Syms, actress, 63; Mr Terry Venables, football manager, 54; Sir Ernest Woodroofe, former chairman of Unilever, 85; Miss Loretta Young, actress, 84.

Anniversaries

Births: King Richard II, 1367; St Joan of Arc, Maid of Orleans, 1412; Giuseppe Sammartini, composer, 1695; Jacques-Etienne Montgolfier, balloonist, 1745; Anna Maria Hall (Fielding), novelist, 1800; Heinrich Herz, pianist and composer, 1806; Heinrich Schliemann, archaeologist, 1822; Paul-Gustave Dore, illustrator and engraver, 1833; Max Karl August Bruch, composer, 1838; Clarence King, geologist, 1842; Franz Xaver Scharwenka, pianist and composer, 1850; Alexander Nikolayevich Scriabin, composer, 1872; Fred Niblo (Federico Nobile), film director, 1874; Carl Sandburg, poet, 1878; Tom Mix (Thomas Edwin Mix), actor, 1880; Khalil Gibran, writer, 1883. Deaths: Baldassare Peruzzi, architect and painter, 1536; Seth Ward, bishop, mathematician and astronomer, 1689; John Dennis, critic and playwright, 1734; Thomas Birch, biographer and historian, 1766; Jean- Etienne Guettard, naturalist and geologist, 1786; Rodolphe Kreutzer, violinist and composer, 1831; Fanny Burney (Madame d'Arblay), novelist and diarist, 1840; Hartley Coleridge, author and poet, 1849; Louis Braille, deviser of a blind alphabet, 1852; Fanny (Frances) Wright, social reformer, 1852; James "Jubilee Jim" Fisk, gold market speculator, shot in a quarrel 1872; Richard Henry Dana, novelist and lawyer, 1882; Gregor Johann Mendel, monk and geneticist, 1884; Philip Danforth Armour, food manufacturer, 1901; Georg Cantor, mathematician, 1918; Theodore Roosevelt, 26th US President, 1919; Andre-Rene Louis Maginot, politician, 1932; Victor Fleming, film director, 1949; Archibald Joseph Cronin, novelist, 1981; Rudolf Hametovich Nureyev, dancer, 1993. On this day: King Alfred defeated the Danes at the Battle of Ashdown, 871; Harold was crowned King of England in succession to Edward the Confessor, 1066; King Henry VIII was married to Anne of Cleves, "the Flanders Mare", 1540; Samuel Morse gave the first public demonstration of his electric telegraph, 1838; after a march of 300 miles in 20 days, Lord Ro Roberts and his troops captured Kandahar, 1879; many deaths were caused by a cyclone in Georgia and other states, 1892; New Mexico became the 47th of the United States, 1912; the Allies began to evacuate Gallipoli, 1916; the first opera (The Magic Flute) was broadcast in Britain, 1923; the new Sadler's Wells Theatre opened in London, 1931; the Battle of the Bulge ended, 1945; Britain recognised the Communist regime in China, 1950. Today is the Epiphany (Feast of the Three Kings), Old Christmas Day and the Feast Day of St Erminold, St Guarinus or Guerin of Sion, St John de Ribera, St Raphaela Porras and St Wiltrudis.

Start your day with The Independent, sign up for daily news emails
PROMOTED VIDEO
ebooks
ebooksA year of political gossip, levity and intrigue from the sharpest pen in Westminster
Latest stories from i100
Have you tried new the Independent Digital Edition apps?
Independent Dating
and  

By clicking 'Search' you
are agreeing to our
Terms of Use.

iJobs Job Widget
iJobs People

Recruitment Genius: HR Manager

£25000 - £30000 per annum: Recruitment Genius: They are in need of a HR Manage...

h2 Recruit Ltd: Business Development Manager - HR Consultancy - £65,000 OTE

£35000 - £40000 per annum + £65,000 OTE: h2 Recruit Ltd: London, Birmingham, M...

Day In a Page

A Christmas without hope: Fears grow in Gaza that the conflict with Israel will soon reignite

Christmas without hope

Gaza fears grow that conflict with Israel will soon reignite
After 150 years, you can finally visit the grisliest museum in the country

The 'Black Museum'

After 150 years, you can finally visit Britain's grisliest museum
No ho-ho-hos with Nick Frost's badass Santa

No ho-ho-hos with Nick Frost's badass Santa

Doctor Who Christmas Special TV review
Chilly Christmas: Swimmers take festive dip for charity

Chilly Christmas

Swimmers dive into freezing British waters for charity
Veterans' hostel 'overwhelmed by kindness' for festive dinner

Homeless Veterans appeal

In 2010, Sgt Gary Jamieson stepped on an IED in Afghanistan and lost his legs and an arm. He reveals what, and who, helped him to make a remarkable recovery
Isis in Iraq: Yazidi girls killing themselves to escape rape and imprisonment by militants

'Jilan killed herself in the bathroom. She cut her wrists and hanged herself'

Yazidi girls killing themselves to escape rape and imprisonment
Ed Balls interview: 'If I think about the deficit when I'm playing the piano, it all goes wrong'

Ed Balls interview

'If I think about the deficit when I'm playing the piano, it all goes wrong'
He's behind you, dude!

US stars in UK panto

From David Hasselhoff to Jerry Hall
Grace Dent's Christmas Quiz: What are you – a festive curmudgeon or top of the tree?

Grace Dent's Christmas Quiz

What are you – a festive curmudgeon or top of the tree?
Nasa planning to build cloud cities in airships above Venus

Nasa planning to build cloud cities in airships above Venus

Planet’s surface is inhospitable to humans but 30 miles above it is almost perfect
Surrounded by high-rise flats is a little house filled with Lebanon’s history - clocks, rifles, frogmen’s uniforms and colonial helmets

Clocks, rifles, swords, frogmen’s uniforms

Surrounded by high-rise flats is a little house filled with Lebanon’s history
Return to Gaza: Four months on, the wounds left by Israel's bombardment have not yet healed

Four months after the bombardment, Gaza’s wounds are yet to heal

Kim Sengupta is reunited with a man whose plight mirrors the suffering of the Palestinian people
Gastric surgery: Is it really the answer to the UK's obesity epidemic?

Is gastric surgery really the answer to the UK's obesity epidemic?

Critics argue that it’s crazy to operate on healthy people just to stop them eating
Homeless Veterans appeal: Christmas charity auction Part 2 - now LIVE

Homeless Veterans appeal: Christmas charity auction

Bid on original art, or trips of a lifetime to Africa or the 'Corrie' set, and help Homeless Veterans
Pantomime rings the changes to welcome autistic theatre-goers

Autism-friendly theatre

Pantomime leads the pack in quest to welcome all