Birthdays and Anniversaries

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The Prince of Wales, 48; King Hussein of Jordan, 61; Sir Lawrie Barratt, chairman, Barratt Developments plc, 69; Dr Boutros Boutros-Ghali, Secretary-General, United Nations, 74; Mr Quentin Crewe, writer and restaurateur, 70; Mr James Crowden, Lord-Lieutenant of Cambridgeshire, 69; Mr Paul Dacre, Editor, Daily Mail, 48; Mr Thomas Dawson QC, former Solicitor General for Scotland, 48; Mr Freddie Garrity, rock singer, 56; The Right Rev Mgr George Hay, parish priest, 66; M Bernard Hinault, cyclist, 42; Mr Peter Katin, concert pianist, 66; Mr Mark Le Fanu, General Secretary, the Society of Authors, 50; Air Marshal Sir Richard Nelson, 89; Mr Patrick Nicholls MP, 48; Mr Gunther Sachs, former German bobsleigh champion, 64; Mr David Shaw MP, 46; Miss Diana Skilbeck, Headmistress, the Queen's School, Chester, 54; Sir Dudley Smith MP, 70; Sir Joseph Smith, former director, Public Health Laboratory Service, 66; Sir Arthur Watts, former legal adviser, Foreign and Commonwealth Office, 65.


Births: Johann Lukas von Hildebrandt, architect, 1668; Sir Charles Lyell, geologist, 1797; Claude-Oscar Monet, painter, 1840; Leo Hendrik Baekeland, inventor of Bakelite, 1863; Steele Rudd (Arthur Hoey Davis), novelist, 1868; Pandit Jawaharal Nehru, statesman, 1889; Sir Frederick Grant Banting, physician, 1891; Harold Larwood, cricketer, 1904; Dick Powell (Richard Ewing Powell), actor and singer, 1904; Joseph Raymond McCarthy, senator, 1908; Dame Elisabeth Frink, sculptor, 1930. Deaths: Justinian I, Roman emperor, 565; Thomas Parr, known as "Old Parr", reputedly aged 151, 1635; Nell (Eleanor) Gwynn, actress and mistress of Charles II, 1687; Louise de Keroualle, Duchess of Portsmouth, mistress of Charles II, 1734; Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel, philosopher, 1831; Dr John Abercrombie, physician, 1844; Robert Whitehead, inventor of the torpedo, 1905; Hector Hugh Munro ("Saki"), writer, killed in action 1916; Robert Emmet Sherwood, playwright, 1955; Tony Richardson, film and theatre director, 1991. On this day: one of the greatest known earthquakes in England occurred, 1318; Lieutenant Eugene Ely, US Navy, was the first man to take off in an aircraft from the deck of a ship, 1910; book tokens first went on sale, 1932; Coventry Cathedral was destroyed by enemy bombing, 1940; the aircraft carrier Ark Royal was sunk, 1941; the New Musical Express published Britain's first pop music chart, 1952; after a subterranean volcano erupted, a new island, named Surtsey, appeared off Iceland, 1963; colour television transmission was begun in Britain, 1969; Princess Anne married Captain Mark Phillips, 1973. Today is the Feast Day of St Adeotus Aribert, St Dubricius or Dyfrig, St Laurence O'Toole, St Nicholas Tavelic, St Peter of Narbonne and St Stephen of Cuneo.