Le grand résistant Raymond Aubrac dies at 97
Raymond Aubrac, one of the leading figures of the French Resistance against the Nazis, has died at the age of 97.
Mr Aubrac was best known for his arrest by the Gestapo, with other Resistance leaders, in 1943 and his daring and controversial escape from prison in a raid led by his wife, Lucie.
Long a Communist sympathiser, he also played an important role as a go-between in the US-Vietnam peace negotiations in the 1970s. He died late on Tuesday at the Val-de-Grace military hospital near Paris after being overcome by "extreme fatigue".
President Nicolas Sarkozy paid tribute yesterday to Mr Aubrac, and all members of the Resistance, as "heroes of the shadows who saved France's honour, at a time when it seemed lost".
Born Raymond Samuel on 31 July 1914 to Jewish parents who died in Auschwitz, he took the "nom de guerre" Aubrac when he joined the Communist-led section of the Resistance early in the war.
In one of the most controversial, and still shadowy, incidents of the Resistance story, Mr Aubrac was one of a group of leaders arrested by the Gestapo in a raid on a house at Caluire, near Lyon, on 21 June 1943. Other detainees included Jean Moulin, the man sent by General Charles de Gaulle to bring the Resistance under a single leadership. Mr Moulin died under torture – leading eventually to the belated trial of the local Gestapo chief, Klaus Barbie, in 1987. Mr Aubrac and 13 other Resistance figures were rescued from prison in Lyon in a daring raid organised and led by Mrs Aubrac.
This incident was the centrepiece of a film, Lucie Aubrac, made by Claude Berri in 1997. Mrs Aubrac died in 2007, aged 94.
- 1 Tidal launch: The most pretentious lines from Alicia Keys' valedictory speech
- 2 Britain First 'acting like Ukip henchmen' by invading meeting of activists in revenge for pub protest against Nigel Farage
- 3 Katie Hopkins attacked me on Twitter — so I reported her to the police for inciting racial hatred
- 4 Tidal: Jay Z's Spotify rival streaming service criticised for making wealthy artists even richer
- 5 Brixton squat flats now costing up to £3k per month show how out of control rent is in London
Ukip supporters are 55 or older, white and socially conservative, finds British Social Attitudes Report
Street preacher quoting from the Bible fined for calling homosexuality an 'abomination'
Woman filmed launching racist tirade against men on the Tube for speaking in 'own lingo'
The West has it totally wrong on Lee Kuan Yew
David Cameron calls Labour 'hopeless, sneering socialists' while announcing 7-day NHS plans
Revealed: Putin's army of pro-Kremlin bloggers
£35000 - £38000 per annum: Recruitment Genius: This dynamic outsourced contact...
£19000 - £21000 per annum: Recruitment Genius: An excellent opportunity for a ...
£28000 - £32000 per annum: Ashdown Group: Group HR Advisor with an established...
£40 - 50k (DOE) + Bonus: Guru Careers: We are seeking a HR Manager / HR Genera...