Michael Schumacher was six metres off the official piste but skiing at a reasonable speed when he crashed headlong into a rock in the French Alps ten days ago, investigators said on Wednesday.
A two-minute long film taken by a camera in the former racing driver’s helmet has been studied to try to discover what caused the accident, the state prosecutor in Albertville, Patrick Quincy, told a press conference.
Judging by this footage and other evidence, he said, “speed is not considered an important element in the investigation.” The film is, however, to be re-examined frame-by-frame by experts in the coming days.
Lt-Colonel Benoit(circ on i) Vinnemann, head of the regional gendarmerie investigation team, said that Schumacher’s speed was “perfectly normal for a competent skier in this kind of terrain.”
Mr Schumacher, 45, remains in critical condition and in a medically induced coma in hospital in Grenoble after two operations for brain injuries received while ski-ing in Meribel on 29 December.
Career in Pictures: Michael Schumacher
Career in Pictures: Michael Schumacher
1/17 February 2006
Michael Schumacher is seen in the pits during a training session at the Ricardo Tormo racetrack in Cheste near Valencia in 2006
2/17 November 1994
Hugging two team mechanics in delight for becoming World Champion Driver after the Australian Grand Prix at the Adelaide circuit in November 1994
3/17 October 1995
Flavio Briatore carries a jubilant Michael after he wins the Pacific F1 Grand Prix at Aida in Japan, and wins his second World Drivers Championshp
4/17 February 1996
Schmacher pushes his Ferrari back to the pits after engine trouble left him stranded at the entrance of the pitlane during pre-season testing at Estoril, Portugal
5/17 March 1996
During the Australian Grand Prix in Melbourne
6/17 March 1997
Michael Schumacher in the pit lane during the Australian Grand Prix at Albert Park in Melbourne, Australia
7/17 October 2000
Celebrating on the podium after winning the formula one world championship at the Japanese Grand Prix at Suzuka, Japan
8/17 July 2006
Michael Schumacher of Germany and Ferrari leads the pack into the first corner at the start of the French Formula One Grand Prix at the Nevers Magny-Cours Circuit
Lars Baron/Bongarts/Getty Images
9/17 October 2010
Michael Schumacher drives during the Korean Formula One Grand Prix at the Korea International Circuit
Clive Mason/Getty Images
10/17 October 2011
Michael Schumacher and Mercedes GP waves to the crowd as he attends the drivers parade before the Indian Formula One Grand Prix at the Buddh International Circuit on October 30, 2011 in Noida, India
11/17 December 2011
Sebastian Vettel and Michael Schumacher celebrate after winning the Nations Cup at day one of the race of champions event at the Esprit Arena
12/17 June 2012
Michael Schumacher drives at the Valencia Street Circuit on June 22, 2012 in Valencia during the first practice race of the European Formula One Grand Prix
13/17 September 2012
Michael Schumacher crashes into the back of Jean-Eric Vergne of France and Scuderia Toro Rosso during the Singapore Formula One Grand Prix in September 2012
14/17 November 2012
Schumacher drives in his last race during the Brazilian Formula One Grand Prix at the Autodromo Jose Carlos Pace
Mark Thompson/Getty Images
15/17 December 2013
Deputy director Jean Marc Grenier talks to media outside the CHU Nord hospital in Grenoble, French Alps
16/17 December 2013
Members of the staff are seen outside the emergency services at the CHU Nord hospital in Grenoble, French Alps; this is the hospital where retired seven-times Formula One world champion Michael Schumacher is reported to be hospitalized after a ski accident
17/17 December 2013
A Scuderia Ferrari and Michael Schumacher fan waits, on December 29, in Grenoble, in front of the emergency department of the Centre Hospitalier Universitaire hospital
Mr Quincy said that “no elements” had been discovered so far to support press reports that Mr Schumacher left the official piste to help another skier in difficulties. He said that the seven times Formula One champion had left a clearly marked “red”, or moderate, slope to enter an area of powdery snow dotted with large rocks.
While skiing between three and six metres from the piste, his skis struck a rock hidden in the snow. He was projected headlong for two to three metres until his head struck one of the rocky outcrops. Neither the racing driver’s skis nor his helmet were defective in any way, investigators believe.
“He was following a red piste and then crossed the flags and entered in an off-piste zone,” the prosecutor said. “He was between three and six metres from the piste. He lost his balance when he touched a (hidden) rock and was projected forward until his head struck a rock about 8 metres from the piste.”
There have been reports that Mr Schumacher left the piste to help another skier who had fallen. There was no sign of such an incident in the short film from the racing driver’s GoPro helmet camera, Mr Quincy said.
“But it is a very short film and the field of vision of the camera is very small,” he said.
The prosecutor complained that the German magazine Spiegel had so far not responded to inquiries about another film of the accident reportedly taken by another skier. The magazine said last week that it has seen the film and it proved that Mr Schumacher was not ski-ing dangerously or rapidly when he crashed
The French investigation will decide within the next two or three weeks whether there is any evidence to merit a full criminal inquiry. Mr Quincy said that the signs and barriers, warning skiers where the official piste ended, were “perfectly within normal procedures”.
He was asked whether the route taken by Mr Schumacher was a “de facto piste” – an unofficial trail often taken by skiers and tolerated by the managers of the Meribel resort. He said that he could not reply at this stage.
He said that 50 similar investigations into serious skiing injuries were conducted each year by his office, which covers 60 per cent of French Alpine winter resorts. They were all studied, he said, with the same “rigour” as the Schumacher accident. He was not aware of any previous, serious incident at the spot where the German former racing champion crashed.
Asked whether he believed that there might be a criminal prosecution for negligence, Mr Quincy said: “As the investigation stands, I am not able to reply to that question.”