Bill Hunter, the archetypal working class Australian of a multitude of movies including the quirky trio Muriel's Wedding, The Adventures of Priscilla, Queen of the Desert and Strictly Ballroom has died of cancer, his manager said today. He was aged 71.
The prolific star of Australian movie and television screens with a distinctively broad and gravelly accent and an authoritative no-nonsense style remained an actor in demand until the end.
He recently narrated a two-part television documentary about the floods and cyclone that became Australia's most expensive natural disasters early this year.
He plays the legendary Australian racehorse trainer Bart Cummings and a cameo role in two Australian movies to be screened later this year.
He died late yesterday surrounded by family and friends in a Melbourne hospice where he was admitted on Monday, manager Mark Morrissey said. Colleagues who had recently worked with him were surprised he had been sick.
"Bill was much-loved, a gentleman, an inspiration to fellow actors, a journeyman and a rogue," Mr Morrissey said.
Director Baz Luhrmann described Hunter in a statement last week as "the go-to iconic actor to synthesise quintessential Australian-ness".
The BBC's Sydney correspondent Nick Bryan wrote in 2008 that "Hunter is to Australian films what ravens are to the Tower of London. Without his portly presence, such films would be doomed to fall".
Hunter's weather-worn face has become almost omnipresent on Australian screens since he first appeared as an extra in 1957 in The Shiralee, a British-made movie set in Australia.
His real break into the industry came as a stunt man when Hollywood made On the Beach in his hometown of Melbourne in 1959 - a movie about survivors of a nuclear war that starred Gregory Peck, Ava Gardner and Fred Astaire.
"He watched Gregory Peck do 27 takes and thought: 'A mug could do that'," Hunter's former wife Rhoda Roberts told Sydney's The Daily Telegraph newspaper last week.
Hunter summed up his own approach to acting during a recent interview to promote his upcoming movie, The Cup.
"As long as the director told me where to stand and what to say, I was happy. Anyone who says there is any more to it than that is full of (expletive)," Hunter said in a quote released by his manager.
Australia's National Film and Sound Archive head of film programming Quentin Turnour said Hunter followed in the lineage of unpolished Australian actors Chips Rafferty, who died in 1971, and John Meillon, who died in 1989.
Australian audiences loved to see themselves in the laconic and gruff characters with soft hearts that they played, Mr Turnour said.
"He's so iconically Australian. He turns typical, minimalist Australian gestures into a lot of emotional expression," Mr Turnour said.
Hunter was born in Melbourne on February 27, 1940, and raised in rural Victoria state in Australia's south east.
He was the son of a struggling country pub owner who eventually went broke. Hunter told Melbourne's The Sunday Age newspaper in 1994 that he left school at the age of 13 to become a cowboy, known in Australia as a drover, guiding cattle herds across Victoria.
He began building his career in the 1960s in Australian television crime dramas in which he specialised as hard characters who were usually policemen or criminals.
A gregarious hard drinker with an endearing knack of recalling names of people who had expected to be forgotten, Hunter was universally popular in the movie industry in which he became a stalwart with few peers.
An early career highlight came when he played a news reel camera man in the Phillip Noyce-directed movie about the media and politics in Australia in the 1950s, Newsfront.
Hunter won the Australian Film Industry's best actor award for 1978 for the role, the first of three such Australian equivalence of an Oscar that he won.
He also won acclaim for his roles as a doomed army major in Peter Weir's 1981 First World War drama Gallipoli, a meddling dance judge in Luhrmann's 1992 romantic comedy Strictly Ballroom, father of the bride in P.J. Hogan's Muriel's Wedding and an open-minded mechanic in the company of drag queens in Stephan Elliott's Priscilla.
The two comedies Muriel's Wedding and Priscilla were made at the same time in 1994 in different parts of Australia and required Hunter to have different length hair, a beard in one and to be clean shaven in the other, the IMDb internet Movie Database says.
Hunter also had minor roles in Luhrmann's 2008 epic Australia and in the US-Australian television miniseries co-production The Pacific released last year.
He found his most youthful audience as the voice of the dentist who captured the clown fish star of the hit 2003 animated feature Finding Nemo.