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Births: Johannes Kepler, astronomer, 1571; Louis Pasteur, chemist and bacteriologist, 1822; Marlene Dietrich (Maria Magdalena Dietrich), actress, 1901.

Deaths: Pierre de Ronsard, poet, 1585; Max Beckmann, expressionist painter, 1950; Howard Hoagland (Hoagy) Carmichael, composer, singer and pianist, 1981.

On this day: Charles Darwin set sail for a world voyage on HMS Beagle, 1831; Peter Pan, the play by J.M. Barrie, was first performed, London, 1904; the International Monetary Fund was set up in Washington, 1945.

Today is the Feast Day of St Fabiola, St John the Evangelist, St Nicarete and Saints Theodore and Theophanes Graptoi.