Etai Yamada, priest, died 22 February, aged 98. A Japanese Buddhist leader, he was the 253rd head priest of the Tendai sect, which was founded in Japan in 806 by the priest Saicho (767-822). He hosted a religious summit for the first time in Japan in 1987. Chairman of the All Japan Buddhist Association 1992-94.
Howard Temin, scientist, died 9 February, aged 59. A cancer and Aids researcher, he worked at the University of Wisconsin for 34 years and won the Nobel Prize for physiology in 1975 for his role in discovering an enzyme - reverse transcriptase - which later played a crucial role in identifying the Aids virus. He also campaigned for state laws to limit or ban smoking in public places. He received the National Medal of Science in 1992.