Traugott Ernest Gumpert, cardiologist, died 21 August. Consultant Physician to the Royal Hospital, Sheffield, 1938-68.
Daniel K. Ludwig, shipping magnate, died New York City 27 August, aged 95. One of the world's richest men, and a recluse, at the height of his career he owned about 60 ocean-going vessels, as well as having investments in real estate, agriculture, minerals and forest products. His fortune was estimated at dollars 1.2bn last year.