Obituary: Chris Hani
Saturday 24 April 1993
Violent resistance followed the Sharpeville massacre of 1960. Under the Cold War, this made the ANC dependent for military training, arms and funding on the Soviet bloc. The SACP was the essential conduit. For many years, the illegal SACP was the only non-racial body in South African politics, in which blacks, whites, Indians (of Muslim and Hindu origin) and Coloureds (of mixed origin) worked together at leadership level. Hani became a leading representative of this current.
From its formation in 1961, MK was non-racial. At that time, the ANC admitted blacks only. MK provided the main channel by which the ANC became a non-racial organisation. The price for this was uncritical participation by the ANC in the Cold War system of the Soviet bloc. In 1968, the ANC formally supported the invasion of Czechoslovakia; 10 years later came explicit control of opinion by a Stasi-type political police, the ANC security department, which built a string of prison camps across the continent. These came to house mainly dissident members of MK, as well as some South African spies. Torture and deaths, as Amnesty has found, were routine.
MK recruits admired Hani for his courageous role in a 1967 campaign in Zimbabwe, as well as for organising the underground from a base in Lesotho. In 1984, however, a full-scale mutiny took place among MK troops in Angola, directed at repression by the security department and their apparent diversion from combat in South Africa itself. It was the ANC's most severe crisis in exile. Hani played a vigorous part in suppressing the mutiny. By his own count, 18 or 19 ANC members were executed. As the most senior figure on the spot, he did not countermand these acts. Nor did he mitigate Gulag prison conditions for the mutineers. In 1989 he personally abolished representative committees in ANC camps in Tanzania to which former mutineers had been elected.
A process of mythology came to surround Chris Hani. His heritage in South Africa - by which Soviet methods of command served non-racial ends, and the 'armed struggle' came to serve negotiations - is more complex.
- 2 PornHub begs users to stop uploading video clips of Brazil getting beaten 7-1
- 3 Why I'm on the brink of burning my Israeli passport
- 4 L'Oreal cuts ties with Belgium supporter Axelle Despiegelaere after hunting trip photographs
- 5 The true Gaza back-story that the Israelis aren’t telling this week
Game of Thrones author George RR Martin says 'f*** you' to fans who fear he will die before finishing Westeros saga
Supermoon 2014: When and why will the moon look bigger and brighter this summer?
Gaza-Israel conflict: The terrible price children are paying for Israel’s war with Hamas
Rotten-egg smell of farts could help battle heart disease and Alzheimer's
Online trolls target alleged rape victim Jada, by copying how she appeared in video of attack
Sustained immigration has not harmed Britons' employment, say government advisers
7/7 memorial defaced on anniversary of 2005 attacks with ‘Blair lied thousands died’ graffiti
War is war: Why I stand with Israel
Australia facing international condemnation after turning around Sri Lankans at sea
Even when it brutalises one of its own teenage citizens, America is helpless against Israel
Socialist Worker called to apologise over ‘vile’ article saying Eton schoolboy Horatio Chapple's death is ‘reason to save the polar bears’
£24000 - £33600 per annum + pre 12 week AWR : Randstad Education Manchester Se...
On Application: Council of Europe: The European Court of Human Rights’s judgme...
£28000 - £32000 per annum: Charter Selection: A professional services company ...
£400 - £450 per day: Orgtel: Project Manager (PM), Key Banking Client, Retail ...