Prince Philip has overcome health scares and acute embarrassment to make it to the grand age of 94.
Philip, who was born to a mix of Danish and Greek royalty on Corfu in 1921, and went on to become Consort to the Queen after marrying her.
In recent years, Philip has endured poor health. In 2011, he underwent heart surgery and in June 2012 he had a bladder infection after the Diamond Jubilee River Pageant.
Other than for his work with the military and role as chair for outdoors pursuits scheme The Duke of Edinburgh Award, Philip has become well-known for sometimes saying the wrong thing.
Happy birthday, Prince Philip.
On a 2002 visit to Australia, he asked a group of aborigines: "Do you still throw spears at each other?"
Talking to a Scottish driving instructor: "How do you keep the natives off the booze long enough to get them through the test?"
To a British student in China: "If you stay here much longer, you’ll go home with slitty eyes."
On travelling, said to the Aircraft Research Association: "If you travel as much as we do you appreciate the improvements in aircraft design of less noise and more comfort – provided you don't travel in something called economy class, which sounds ghastly."
While inspecting a fuse box: "It looks as though it was put in by an Indian." He later clarified his comment: "I meant to say cowboys. I just got my cowboys and Indians mixed up."
Talking to Jeremy Paxman about his role in the Royal family: "Any bloody fool can lay a wreath at the thingamy."
In pictures: Prince Philip's gaffes
In pictures: Prince Philip's gaffes
1/15 Prince Philip's gaffes
"I would like to go to Russia very much – although the bastards murdered half my family." In 1967, asked if he would like to visit the Soviet Union.
2/15 Prince Philip's gaffes
"It's not a very big one, but at least it's dead and it took an awful lot of killing!" Speaking about a crocodile he shot in Gambia in 1957
3/15 Prince Philip's gaffes
"Get me a beer. I don't care what kind it is, just get me a beer!" On being offered the finest Italian wines by PM Giuliano Amato at a dinner in Rome in 2000
4/15 Prince Philip's gaffes
"You're just a silly little Whitehall twit: you don't trust me and I don't trust you." Said to Sir Rennie Maudslay, Keeper of the Privy Purse, in the 1970s.
5/15 Prince Philip's gaffes
"Tolerance is the one essential ingredient ... You can take it from me that the Queen has the quality of tolerance in abundance." Advice for a successful marriage in 1997.
6/15 Prince Philip's gaffes
"If you stay here much longer, you will go home with slitty eyes." To 21-year-old British student Simon Kerby during a visit to China in 1986.
"If it has four legs and it is not a chair, if it has got two wings and it flies but is not an aeroplane and if it swims and it is not a submarine, the Cantonese will eat it." Said to a World Wildlife Fund meeting in 1986.
8/15 Prince Philip's gaffes
"If a cricketer, for instance, suddenly decided to go into a school and batter a lot of people to death with a cricket bat,which he could do very easily, I mean, are you going to ban cricket bats?" In a Radio 4 interview shortly after the Dunblane shootings in 1996
9/15 Prince Philip's gaffes
"It looks as though it was put in by an Indian." The Prince's verdict of a fuse box during a tour of a Scottish factory in August 1999. He later clarified his comment: "I meant to say cowboys. "I just got my cowboys and Indians mixed up."
10/15 Prince Philip's gaffes
"Young people are the same as they always were. They are just as ignorant." At the 50th anniversary of the Duke of Edinburgh Awards scheme.
11/15 Prince Philip's gaffes
"Holidays are curious things, aren't they? You send children to school to get them out of your hair. Then they come back and make life difficult for parents. That is why holidays are set so they are just about the limit of your endurance." At the opening of a school in 2000.
12/15 Prince Philip's gaffes
"And what exotic part of the world do you come from?" Asked in 1999 of Tory politician Lord Taylor of Warwick, whose parents are Jamaican. He replied: "Birmingham."
13/15 Prince Philip's gaffes
"Can you tell the difference between them?" On being told by President Obama that he'd had breakfast with the leaders of the UK, China and Russia.
14/15 Prince Philip's gaffes
"How do you keep the natives off the booze long enough to pass the test?" Asked of a Scottish driving instructor in 1995.
15/15 Prince Philip's gaffes
"So who's on drugs here?... HE looks as if he's on drugs." To a 14-year-old member of a Bangladeshi youth club in 2002.
At a WWF meeting: "If it has four legs and it is not a chair, if it has got two wings and it flies but is not an aeroplane and if it swims and it is not a submarine, the Cantonese will eat it."
To Elton John, about his Watford FC-themed Aston Martin: "Oh, it's you that owns that ghastly car is it? We often see it when driving to Windsor Castle."
At the Scottish Women's Institute in 1961: "British women can't cook."
To a wheelchair-bound Susan Edwards, and her guide dog Natalie in 2002: "Do you know they have eating dogs for the anorexic now?"
While officiating at a Hertfordshire University ceremony, 2003: "During the Blitz, a lot of shops had their windows blown in and put up notices saying: 'More open than usual'. I now declare this place more open than usual."
To someone who'd just got back from travelling across Papua New Guinea: "You managed not to get eaten then?"
To Simon Kelner, former editor of The Independent, at Windsor Castle: "What are you doing here?" "I was invited, sir." Philip: "Well, you didn’t have to come."
To Diversity, a mixed-race street-dance troupe: "Are you all one family?"
To businessman Atul Patel at reception for influential Indians after seeing his name badge: "There’s a lot of your family in tonight."
At the reception of the new British embassy in Berlin, which had cost £18 million: "It's a vast waste of space".Reuse content