A closed subject?

Is the sky about to fall in on the Royal Greenwich Observatory? Cuts and overcapacity in astronomy suggest it might. By Charles Arthur

About 100 staff at the Royal Greenwich Observatory in Cambridge are becoming acutely aware of the meaning of the phrase "out of the frying pan and into the fire". Last December, they heard - with some relief - that a plan to privatise the two royal observatories (the other is based in Edinburgh) had been cancelled, because of financial and legal problems, such as funding pensions and redundancy obligations.

Now, though, they face the more daunting prospect of simple redundancy. At least, they suspect they do. The Particle Physics and Astronomy Research Council (PPARC), the RGO's funding body, is believed to have recommended that the observatory be closed to save pounds 1m a year.

But PPARC won't say if that is indeed its decision. The members of the council have been told to tell nobody (especially nosy journalists) the substance of their decision - though the news has leaked out, as these things will.

A fierce and outspoken critic of the idea is Sir Martin Rees, the Astronomer Royal, who last week wrote to the head of PPARC to demand why wider consultation had not been undertaken in the making of the decision - perhaps aiming at allowing the observatories to be managed by a consortium of universities, as happens in a number of other countries. "By closing either observatory, you would be damaging ongoing projects, and sending a negative signal about the UK's future in astronomy," he wrote. "Your proposal, if implemented, would probably attract more publicity than anything else PPARC has done."

Perhaps the second part of that message filtered through, for PPARC has clamped down fiercely to enforce its version of secrecy. Staff at the RGO, including its director, Dr Jasper Wall, have been told not to speak to the media. If they do, the threat is of disciplinary action, up to and including dismissal. Last week, BBC TV was setting up cameras to record an interview about closure with Dr Wall owhen a telephone call came in. After putting the phone down, Dr Wall apologised to the reporter - he couldn't talk. PPARC had told him not to, in the strongest possible terms. When The Independent called Dr Wall to confirm the details, he apologised: but he couldn't comment. PPARC had instructed him not to. And that was that.

The council's recommendation has now gone forward to the new minister for science and technology, John Battle, and will form his first major decision. For someone struggling to master his brief, it must be an unwelcome choice to have to make. Could PPARC have it wrong? Should the Labour government announce a job-cutting decision which will reduce the amount of scientific work going on, after Tony Blair had made so much of it (well, he mentioned it in a speech) during the election? Last week, in an informal meeting with science journalists, Mr Battle was noncommittal, while his civil servants murmured about getting up to speed. One got the sensation that our expectations were being gently lowered. Nevertheless, the decision is expected in days, or weeks.

The issue of closure is not in fact a new one. It has been a matter of debate among British astronomers and administrators since 1995, when it was recognised that there was overcapacity in the system. Britain actually had too much technical support for the astronomy work it was doing.

It is worth noting how much work that includes. British astronomers have been involved in some crucial findings - of which the most important is probably the discovery in May that the universe is bigger than it appears, and hence older; this means it is older than its oldest stars, ending a conundrum that had mystified people for decades. Conventional measurement systems seemed to show that some stars were older than the universe.

While not quite as old as the universe, the Royal Greenwich Observatory does have a long history. It was founded in 1675 by Charles II. After the Second World War, it was moved from the city to Herstmonceux in East Sussex to escape the growing problems of light pollution and smog. In 1990, it moved again, to Cambridge.

By now, though, the actual observatory had gone. The RGO was instead providing technical support, acting as a conduit between scientists in British universities and the powerful telescopes in spots far more suitable for observation, such as the Canary Islands and Hawaii.

From next year, there will be even more observation capacity to support, when a project called Gemini - with twin telescopes in the Chilean mountains and in Hawaii - goes into operation. The excess costs of having both Cambridge and Edinburgh providing technical support would mount to pounds 1m, concluded PPARC. Better instead, they reckoned, to cut those losses by closing the RGO, perhaps transferring some of the research to Cambridge University, and shift the focus of the technical support to Edinburgh.

This has not been warmly welcomed in Cambridge. But the RGO's employees have been used to uncertainty. Over the years, they have also got used to being gagged. When the move from Herstmonceux was suggested in 1990, they were prepared to be equally vocal in their opposition to it - though rather as today, the funding council (then the Science and Engineering Research Council) told staff that it would be "inappropriate" for them to wage a campaign against the move.

The Prior Options review under the Conservatives sought to see whether the observatories' work could be put in the private sector - though one PPARC employee says: "It had been obvious for 10 years that you couldn't, because of the pensions and so on. That was a pretext." It ate up about pounds 2m of PPARC's budget even so - a cost which Sir Martin described last December as "a waste of money".

Asked about the threats made against anyone who would speak today, PPARC's spokesman used remarkably similar words to those used in 1990: "The council has put recommendations through, which are in the purview of the minister, so it is not appropriate for us or our staff to comment."

Steve Farrar, who covers science for the Cambridge Evening News, confirms that RGO staff have been effectively silenced. In response, the paper has begun a campaign to support the Observatory, calling for it to stay open. It has even received samizdat proposals from staff there for budget distributions which would halve the number of redundancies.

However, the expectation remains that John Battle will have to announce an unpopular decision in the near future. British astronomy will almost certainly suffer in the short term. The only ones who may actually be fairly well-placed are the highly-trained staff at the Observatory. As one observed, "We're highly qualified people. If they close it, we'll get out quickly. There is no point hanging around while the place is slowly strangled. With all the science parks and hi-tech companies, Cambridge is a pretty easy place to get a job - if you're qualified"n

News
The cartoon produced by Bruce MacKinnon for the Halifax Chronicle-Herald on Thursday, showing the bronze soldiers of the war memorial in Ottawa welcoming Corporal Cirillo into their midst
news
Voices
Funds raised from the sale of poppies help the members of the armed forces with financial difficulties
voicesLindsey German: The best way of protecting soldiers is to stop sending them into disastrous conflicts
Voices
Nigel Farage has backed DJ Mike Read's new Ukip song
voicesNigel Farage: Where is the Left’s outrage over the sexual abuse of girls in the North of England?
Property
One bedroom terraced house for sale, Richmond Avenue, Islington, London N1. On with Winkworths for £275,000.
property
PROMOTED VIDEO
News
The Edge and his wife, Morleigh Steinberg, at the Academy Awards in 2014
peopleGuitarist faces protests over plan to build mansions in Malibu
News
i100
News
peopleFox presenter gives her less than favourable view of women in politics
News
Mario Balotelli has been accused of 'threateningly' telling a woman to stop photographing his Ferrari
peoplePolice investigate claim Balotelli acted 'threateningly' towards a woman photographing his Ferrari
Arts and Entertainment
Paul Anderson plays Arthur Shelby in Peaky Blinders series two
tvReview: Arthur Shelby Jr seems to be losing his mind as his younger brother lets him run riot in London
Life and Style
The Zinger Double Down King, which is a bun-less burger released in Korea
food + drinkKFC unveils breadless meat beast
News
ebooksAn unforgettable anthology of contemporary reportage
Arts and Entertainment
A shared vision: Cerys Matthews has been familiarising herself with Dylan Thomas’s material, for a revealing radio programme
arts + entsA singer, her uncle and a special relationship with Dylan Thomas
News
In other news ... Jon Snow performed at last year's Newsroom's Got Talent charity event
people
News
i100
Life and Style
Text messaging changes as a relationship evolves
life
News
The comedian, 42, made the controversial comment following the athlete’s sentencing to five years for the culpable homicide of Reeva Steenkamp on Tuesday
peopleComedian's quip about Reeva Steenkamp was less than well received at music magazine awards
Latest stories from i100
Have you tried new the Independent Digital Edition apps?
Independent Dating
and  

By clicking 'Search' you
are agreeing to our
Terms of Use.

iJobs Job Widget
iJobs General

SSRS Report Developer - Urgent Contract - London - £300pd

£300 Per Annum: Clearwater People Solutions Ltd: SSRS Report Developer – 3 Mon...

KS1 Teacher

£95 - £150 per day: Randstad Education Birmingham: Key Stage 1 teacher require...

HR Business Partner - Essex - £39,000 plus benefits

£32000 - £39000 per annum + benefits + bonus: Ashdown Group: Generalist HR Man...

Trainee Recruitment Consultant

£18000 - £30000 per annum + uncapped: SThree: Do you feel like your sales role...

Day In a Page

Wilko Johnson, now the bad news: musician splits with manager after police investigate assault claims

Wilko Johnson, now the bad news

Former Dr Feelgood splits with manager after police investigate assault claims
Mark Udall: The Democrat Senator with a fight on his hands ahead of the US midterm elections

Mark Udall: The Democrat Senator with a fight on his hands

The Senator for Colorado is for gay rights, for abortion rights – and in the Republicans’ sights as they threaten to take control of the Senate next month
New discoveries show more contact between far-flung prehistoric humans than had been thought

New discoveries show more contact between far-flung prehistoric humans than had been thought

Evidence found of contact between Easter Islanders and South America
Cerys Matthews reveals how her uncle taped 150 interviews for a biography of Dylan Thomas

Cerys Matthews on Dylan Thomas

The singer reveals how her uncle taped 150 interviews for a biography of the famous Welsh poet
The Battle of the Five Armies: Air New Zealand releases new Hobbit-inspired in-flight video

Air New Zealand's wizard in-flight video

The airline has released a new Hobbit-inspired clip dubbed "The most epic safety video ever made"
11 best sonic skincare brushes

11 best sonic skincare brushes

Forget the flannel - take skincare to the next level by using your favourite cleanser with a sonic facial brush
How could three tourists have been battered within an inch of their lives by a burglar in a plush London hotel?

A crime that reveals London's dark heart

How could three tourists have been battered within an inch of their lives by a burglar in a plush London hotel?
Meet 'Porridge' and 'Vampire': Chinese state TV is offering advice for citizens picking a Western moniker

Lost in translation: Western monikers

Chinese state TV is offering advice for citizens picking a Western moniker. Simon Usborne, who met a 'Porridge' and a 'Vampire' while in China, can see the problem
Handy hacks that make life easier: New book reveals how to rid your inbox of spam, protect your passwords and amplify your iPhone

Handy hacks that make life easier

New book reveals how to rid your email inbox of spam, protect your passwords and amplify your iPhone with a loo-roll
KidZania lets children try their hands at being a firefighter, doctor or factory worker for the day

KidZania: It's a small world

The new 'educational entertainment experience' in London's Shepherd's Bush will allow children to try out the jobs that are usually undertaken by adults, including firefighter, doctor or factory worker
Renée Zellweger's real crime has been to age in an industry that prizes women's youth over humanity

'Renée Zellweger's real crime was to age'

The actress's altered appearance raised eyebrows at Elle's Women in Hollywood awards on Monday
From Cinderella to The Jungle Book, Disney plans live-action remakes of animated classics

Disney plans live-action remakes of animated classics

From Cinderella to The Jungle Book, Patrick Grafton-Green wonders if they can ever recapture the old magic
Thousands of teenagers to visit battlefields of the First World War in new Government scheme

Pupils to visit First World War battlefields

A new Government scheme aims to bring the the horrors of the conflict to life over the next five years
The 10 best smartphone accessories

Make the most of your mobile: 10 best smartphone accessories

Try these add-ons for everything from secret charging to making sure you never lose your keys again
Mario Balotelli substituted at half-time against Real Madrid: Was this shirt swapping the real reason?

Liverpool v Real Madrid

Mario Balotelli substituted at half-time. Was shirt swapping the real reason?