A replica Viking ship. The 'sunstone' could be one of the secrets behind the Vikings’ reputation as remarkable seafarers

Not just the stuff of legend: Famed Viking 'sunstone' did exist, believe scientists

For centuries, it has been a crystal of legend locked in the verses of Norse myth with little or no evidence that it was ever real. Now it seems scientists at last have grounds for believing that the Viking “sunstone” used to navigate the seas did indeed exist.

Artist's impression of the giant camel that lived within the Arctic Circle in northern Canada 3.5 million years ago

Giant camel fossil unearthed in the Arctic

Think animals of the frozen north and you think polar bear, musk ox, and walrus – but now you can also think camel.

Stretching the breadth of northern England, Hadrian’s Wall is a majestic reminder of the ambition and might of the Roman Empire’s conquest in Britain

So, what did the Romans do for us? New digs reveal truth about Hadrian's Wall

Stretching the breadth of northern England, Hadrian's Wall is a majestic reminder of the ambition and might of the Roman Empire's conquest in Britain. Now, new archaeological evidence has suggested, contrary to previous belief, that the Romans far from co-existing peacefully with the locals, ejected them by force in order to build the 73-mile divide.

'One of the most significant findings of the last 100 years': Artefacts discovered on Dartmoor hint at ancient trading links

Discovery gives archaeologists an insight into the lives of people who lived on the rugged south western moorland  4,000 years ago

He was the most reviled and misunderstood monarch in English history, but one of the last remaining mysteries of Richard III could soon be resolved with the help of modern science and a fragment of DNA

Is the body in the car park really Richard III? At last, the answer

...and it could prove that he really didn’t commit the greatest crime in royal history

No 'lost Spitfires' buried in Burma

Dig near Rangoon International Airport proves fruitless but Lincolnshire farmer insists search will continue elsewhere in the country

'The Tutankhamun dig of aviation': Brits to begin digging up missing Spitfires buried in Burmese jungle

A Lincolnshire farmer who has spent 17 years investigating rumours that dozens of factory-fresh Spitfires could be lying buried under Burmese soil expects to find the aeroplanes “perfectly preserved”.

Gold and silver discovered in latest find at Staffordshire Saxon treasure hoard site

Around 90 new pieces of gold and silver have been unearthed in the field where the Staffordshire Hoard of Anglo-Saxon treasure was found three years ago.

The bust of Nefertiti is now displayed at Altes Museum

Jewish philanthropist lost in the sands of time thanks to the Nazis

A wealthy  patron who funded the excavation of the priceless Nefertiti bust was airbrushed from history. Now, a hundred years after the find, his story is finally being told

Stone Age home found

Archaeologists have unearthed the ruins of one of Britain's oldest homes during construction work in a field north-west of Edinburgh. The remains are thought to be more than 10,000 years old. They were found during archaeological excavation works in preparation for building the Forth Replacement Crossing, a new bridge across the Firth of Forth.

The mammoth’s remains, including a silicon cast being made of its tusk

A mammoth find in France provides evidence of a savage demise

Neanderthals may have dealt killer blow

Digital photogrammetry being used to record 3D images of the micro-topography on the tops of the lintels at Stonehenge.

Revealed: Early Bronze Age carvings suggest Stonehenge was a huge prehistoric art gallery

A detailed laser-scan survey of the entire monument has discovered 72 previously unknown Early Bronze Age carvings chipped into five of the giant stones.

Archaeologists claim bones found in basement of Florentine convent belong to Leonardo’s Mona Lisa

The dig that may have unearthed Leonardo's muse

Archaeologists claim bones found in basement of Florentine convent belong to Leonardo's model

A University of Leicester photograph of Karen Ladniuk, from the Richard III society, cleaning a path made from re-used medieval tiles during the excavation of the car park behind council offices in Leicester

Richard III Leicester dig: Human remains had battle wounds consistent with the King’s death at the Battle of Bosworth

Should the “momentous discovery” be confirmed, it would also prove that the king was not a hunchback as chronicled by Tudor historians

Richard III's remains 'found under car park' in Leicester

Archaeologists hunting for the remains of King Richard III may have made a crucial breakthrough – after finding human remains in the ruins of a medieval friary underneath a modern-day car park.

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