Truce heralds peace in Papua New Guinea
Saturday 11 October 1997
"A momentum for peace is already under way," said the Prime Minister, Bill Skate, in a statement released in Port Moresby welcoming the signing of the peace accord.
The so-called Burnham Truce was reached after 10 days of talks at the Burnham army camp, near New Zealand's South Island city of Christchurch.
The conflict, which has claimed thousands of lives and displaced many into care centres, began when landowners revolted in 1988 over damage caused by the huge Panguna copper mine and the royalties they received from it.
Bougainville has been a huge political headache for Papua New Guinea, and the former prime minister Sir Julius Chan this year provoked the country's biggest crisis since independence in 1975 by trying to bring in Anglo- South African mercenaries to put down the rebellion around the mine. The mine now closed, is owned by an arm of the Anglo-Australian giant Rio Tinto Ltd.
The interim truce agreement outlined immediate measures to stop fighting pending a formal meeting of leaders, hopefully by the end of January.
Signatories were representatives of the Papua New Guinea government, the Bougainville Transitional Government which it backs, the rebel Bougainville Interim Government and its associate the Bougainville Revolutionary Army, as well as Papua New Guinea security forces and resistance commanders.
The truce said its signatories agreed to what it called "immediate interim measures" including refraining from acts of armed confrontation.
The various factions also pledged to respect human rights, promote peace and reconciliation in the community and lift all restrictions to restore freedom of movement to islanders, subject to "appropriate clearances".
- 1 Apple has installed security backdoors on 600m iPhones and iPads, claims security researcher
- 2 UK pirates will get four warning letters a year
- 4 Is Gideon Levy the most hated man in Israel or just the most heroic?
- 5 Israel-Gaza conflict: Deadly flechette shells 'used by Israeli military in Gaza Strip’
Hacking Trial: Rebekah Brooks, Raisa and a new twist in the saga of a horse fit for a Prime Minister
Israel-Gaza conflict: Palestinian death toll now exceeds 500 – but Israel fights on
Income tax league: Revealed - the UK towns where people pay the most and least tax
Israel-Gaza conflict: Deadly flechette shells 'used by Israeli military in Gaza Strip’
Malaysia Airlines MH17 crash: Blogger captures footage ‘showing BUK missile launcher that shot down jet’ now back in Russia
Malaysia Airlines flight MH17 crash: 'Nine Britons, 23 Americans and 80 children' feared dead after Boeing passenger jet is 'shot down' near Ukraine-Russia border
Malaysia Airlines MH17 crash: Vladimir Putin is given 'one last chance' to end hostilities in Ukraine
The 'scroungers’ fight back: The welfare claimants battling to alter stereotypes
The truth about conspiracy theories is that some require considering
Malaysia Airlines MH17 crash: Ukrainian military jet was flying close to passenger plane before it was shot down, says Russian officer
Malaysia Airlines MH17 crash: victims’ bodies bundled in black bags and loaded onto trains
Competitive: The Green Recruitment Company: Job Title: Scheme Manager (BREEAM)...
Flexible, depending on experience: The Green Recruitment Company: Job Title: T...
£850 - £950 per day: Orgtel: Programme Director - Conduct Risk - Banking - £85...
£100 - £110 per day: Orgtel: Project Coordinator/Order Entry Hampshire