British Psychological Society Conference: Chippendales image 'puts pressure on men': Celia Hall at the British Psychological Society conference

MEN'S desire for the 'perfect' V- shaped body - broad at the shoulder and narrow at the hip - is being heightened by images in glossy magazines and may increase the risk of eating disorders, a new study suggests.

Dr Sarah Grogan, senior lecturer in the psychology department at Manchester Metropolitan University, and her student, Rebecca Murphy, have found that men are affected unconsciously by the pictures of male models in the media.

Following a survey of 28 male and female undergraduates with no history of eating disorders, they believe that men may have even more difficulty that women in achieving the 'ideal' shape.

In a paper presented at the annual conference of the British Psychological Society in Blackpool, she says that other research has suggested that media portrayal of images can prolong anorexia and bulimia in women and may even be a cause of it. 'From the findings in this experiment, we might expect to find many more men suffering from such eating disorders in the future,' she said

'I think we are seeing more and more exposure of men in the media generally of groups like the Chippendales and Adonis (a second American strip group). There is interest in what effect this would have on men's body image. It may be that the Chippendales represent a male ideal. They have this V-shaped body and are highly muscled.

'The number of men with eating disorders is increasing, suggesting there may be a correlation between the portrayal of male bodies in the media and with anorexia.'

But the difficulty for men is that they neither want to be too thin nor too fat. Men were having to try to achieve this muscular shape and exercising and controlling their diet were ways of doing this.

In the study, men and women first took tests to measure their self-esteem and their body image. They were asked to rate how satisfied they were with their bodies, how fat they thought they were and whether they thought other people found them attractive. A week later they were each shown 16 pictures from Cosmopolitan, Vogue, GQ, Company and For Women (a sex magazine for women).

Pictures of women were shown to women and of men to men. The pictures emphasised the body rather than the face. The students were then tested again on self-esteem and body image.

The men originally had higher self- esteem and a better body image, but after seeing the pictures the self-esteem and body image of men and women dropped significantly, Dr Grogan said.

'They were very surprised that their scores had dropped and did not want to believe that they had as a result of seeing the photographs. They said things like the effect was bound to be only short-lived,' she said.

She wants to conduct a bigger survey to discover how much the media images of 'ideal' male and female bodies affect men and women.

(Photograph omitted)

Have you tried new the Independent Digital Edition apps?
ebooksAn unforgettable anthology of contemporary reportage
peopleBenjamin Netanyahu trolled by group promoting two-state solution
Arts and Entertainment
Kylie performs during her Kiss Me Once tour
musicReview: 26 years on from her first single, the pop princess tries just a bit too hard at London's O2
Life and Style
fashionEveryone, apparently
The erotic novel Fifty Shades of Grey has already been blamed for a rise in the number of callouts to the fire brigade for people trapped in handcuffs
voicesJustine Elyot: Since Fifty Shades there's no need to be secretive about it — everyone's at it
Arts and Entertainment
A new Banksy entitled 'Art Buff' has appeared in Folkestone, Kent
Life and Style
Playing to win: for Tanith Carey, pictured with Lily, right, and Clio, even simple games had to have an educational purpose
lifeTanith Carey explains what made her take her foot off the gas
Arts and Entertainment
The White Sails Hospital and Spa is to be built in the new Tunisia Economic City.
architectureRussian billionaire designs boat-shaped hospital for new Dubai-style Tunisia Economic City
Husain Abdullah returns an interception off Tom Brady for a touchdown
nflLeague has rules against 'sliding to ground on knees'
Arts and Entertainment
Critics say Kipling showed loathing for India's primitive villagers in The Jungle Book
filmChristopher Walken, Bill Murray, Scarlett Johanssen Idris Elba, Andy Serkis, Benedict Cumberbatch, Cate Blanchett and Christian Bale
Life and Style
Latest stories from i100
Have you tried new the Independent Digital Edition apps?
Independent Dating

By clicking 'Search' you
are agreeing to our
Terms of Use.

iJobs Job Widget
iJobs General

Financial Controller

£60000 - £75000 per annum: Sauce Recruitment: This is a busy and varied role w...

Maths Teacher

£21000 - £35000 per annum: Randstad Education Cambridge: Maths teacher require...

KS1 Teacher

£21500 - £31500 per day: Randstad Education Chelmsford: Would you like to work...

Java Developer - web services, XML and API

£330 - £350 Per Day: Clearwater People Solutions Ltd: Our client based in Lond...

Day In a Page

Isis is an hour from Baghdad, the Iraq army has little chance against it, and air strikes won't help

Isis an hour away from Baghdad -

and with no sign of Iraq army being able to make a successful counter-attack
Turner Prize 2014 is frustratingly timid

Turner Prize 2014 is frustratingly timid

The exhibition nods to rich and potentially brilliant ideas, but steps back
Last chance to see: Half the world’s animals have disappeared over the last 40 years

Last chance to see...

The Earth’s animal wildlife population has halved in 40 years
So here's why teenagers are always grumpy - and it's not what you think

Truth behind teens' grumpiness

Early school hours mess with their biological clocks
Why can no one stop hackers putting celebrities' private photos online?

Hacked photos: the third wave

Why can no one stop hackers putting celebrities' private photos online?
Royal Ballet star dubbed 'Charlize Theron in pointe shoes' takes on Manon

Homegrown ballerina is on the rise

Royal Ballet star Melissa Hamilton is about to tackle the role of Manon
Education, eduction, education? Our growing fascination with what really goes on in school

Education, education, education

TV documentaries filmed in classrooms are now a genre in their own right
It’s reasonable to negotiate with the likes of Isis, so why don’t we do it and save lives?

It’s perfectly reasonable to negotiate with villains like Isis

So why don’t we do it and save some lives?
This man just ran a marathon in under 2 hours 3 minutes. Is a 2-hour race in sight?

Is a sub-2-hour race now within sight?

Dennis Kimetto breaks marathon record
We shall not be moved, say Stratford's single parents fighting eviction

Inside the E15 'occupation'

We shall not be moved, say Stratford single parents
Air strikes alone will fail to stop Isis

Air strikes alone will fail to stop Isis

Talks between all touched by the crisis in Syria and Iraq can achieve as much as the Tornadoes, says Patrick Cockburn
Nadhim Zahawi: From a refugee on welfare to the heart of No 10

Nadhim Zahawi: From a refugee on welfare to the heart of No 10

The Tory MP speaks for the first time about the devastating effect of his father's bankruptcy
Witches: A history of misogyny

Witches: A history of misogyny

The sexist abuse that haunts modern life is nothing new: women have been 'trolled' in art for 500 years
Shona Rhimes interview: Meet the most powerful woman in US television

Meet the most powerful woman in US television

Writer and producer of shows like Grey's Anatomy, Shonda Rhimes now has her own evening of primetime TV – but she’s taking it in her stride
'Before They Pass Away': Endangered communities photographed 'like Kate Moss'

Endangered communities photographed 'like Kate Moss'

Jimmy Nelson travelled the world to photograph 35 threatened tribes in an unashamedly glamorous style