Drugs may increase risks for patients: The Effects of Treatment
Friday 27 August 1993
Although the risks are low, radiotherapy and chemotherapy can produce mutations, changes in cells that can cause them to behave abnormally.
Because of the wrong diagnoses revealed in the interim report on the Birmingham bone cancer service, at least seven patients were given wrong treatment. According to Dr Bernard Crump, director of public health, South Birmingham Health Authority, three received unnecessary radiotherapy; two unnecessary chemotherapy; one unnecessary chemotherapy and surgery; and one unnecessary surgery and radiotherapy.
In some cases cytology - the examination of cells aspirated through a needle - was used, according to the leaked evidence in the surgeons' report to the interim inquiry team. According to the inquiry, this method is not adequate on its own to be sure the diagnosis is correct.
Chemotherapy is a term for drug treatment associated with very powerful and often poisonous cancer drugs. For bone cancer it is usually given before surgery to shrink the tumour and to make it less likely to spread. Radiotherapy is usually given after surgery, if it has not been possible to remove the tumour completely. Chemotherapy may also be needed.
Both have side-effects that will be experienced equally by those who have cancer and those who do not.
With chemotherapy, these may include unpleasant side-effects including hair loss, nausea, vomiting, sore mouths and low white-cell counts in blood, making the patients vulnerable to infections. Although they improve when the treatment stops, the drugs may be needed for up to a year.
Radiotherapy too has some side-effects, such as hardening of muscle tissue, but technology has rendered them less unpleasant. The risk of a patient getting another tumour, perhaps 12 to 20 years later, is increased by both types of treatment.
- 1 Raif Badawi, the Saudi Arabian blogger sentenced to 1,000 lashes, may now face death penalty
- 2 Delhi bus rapist blames dead victim for attack because 'girls are responsible for rape'
- 3 PornHub turns masturbation into energy in bid to save the planet
- 4 Have sex with your iPad thanks to the new sex toy no-one asked for
- 5 Spiritual leader allegedly manipulated 400 men into removing testicles to be 'closer to God'
Raif Badawi, the Saudi Arabian blogger sentenced to 1,000 lashes, may now face death penalty
Delhi bus rapist blames dead victim for attack because 'girls are responsible for rape'
PornHub turns masturbation into energy in bid to save the planet
Spiritual leader allegedly manipulated 400 men into removing testicles to be 'closer to God'
The 'sex selfie stick' lets you FaceTime the inside of a vagina
New theory could prove how life began and disprove God
End of the licence fee: BBC to back radical overhaul of how it is funded
This is what it's like to be dead, according to a guy who died for a bit
'Jihadi John': CAGE representative storms off Sky News accusing Kay Burley of Islamophobia
Ukip would cut billions from Scottish budget to fund English tax cuts
Nearly 100,000 of Britain's poorest children go hungry after parents' benefits are cut
Negotiable: Ashdown Group: Client Services Executive - Enfield, North London ...
£7 - £9 per hour: Recruitment Genius: Are you outgoing? Do you want to work in...
£45000 - £55000 per annum + 30 days holiday: Ashdown Group: Finance Manager - ...
£28000 - £30000 per annum: Ashdown Group: 3rd Line Support Engineer / Network ...