Britain’s aging power supply means the country faces a higher risk of blackouts over the next five years, the leading body of engineers has warned.
In a report published by the Royal Academy of Engineering today, it was predicted that pressure on the system could peak next winter, at which point it will face an increased chance of failures “jeopardising the country’s power supply”.
The warnings follow similar concerns voiced by National Grid last week, which said the risk of electricity shortages this winter is at its highest level for nearly 10 years.
And today’s Government-commissioned study said that while projected levels of demand should be met, there will be very little margin for error to cope with events like low wind, unusually cold weather or unplanned plant outages.
Britain’s power supplies are set to be hit by the need to meet European regulations on emissions – if the Government does not invest to cut down on pollution, several aging coal and oil-fired power stations will need to be closed, the report warned.
In addition, four nuclear plants across the country are scheduled for shut down by 2019.
Dr John Roberts, chairman of the engineering report's working group, said: “Although the combined closures are not expected to bring the total available electricity capacity below the predicted peak demand, a reduced margin in the power available at any given time would reduce the flexibility of the system and increase the chances that otherwise manageable failures could jeopardise the country's power supply.
“The longer a low capacity margin persists, the greater the chance of experiencing a combination of challenging events during that time.”
The report recommended the Government secure more private investment to fund a modernised and more sustainable system. On the same day that the Chancellor, George Osborne, announced a deal to allow Chinese companies to own a majority share in British nuclear power plants, the academy highlighted a lack of investment stemming from uncertainties over possible reforms of the electricity market.
“Modernising and decarbonising the system will come at a cost, with likely rises in the unit price of electricity and difficult decisions will need to be made,” Dr Roberts said.
“This will only be achievable with the consent of the public and it is vital that government and industry work together to foster a constructive dialogue with the public about the challenges we face in achieving a low carbon, secure and affordable energy system for the future.”