The threat of a Brexit could be driving a significant rise in applications for Irish passports, it has been reported.
Ireland’s Department of Foreign Affairs reported a record year for claims in 2015, which saw almost 70,000 applications filed at its London office.
On 18 February, as David Cameron started talks in Brussels aiming gain concessions on Britain’s membership of the European Union, its passport service reported a spike in demand.
“We are currently experiencing a high demand on our services,” a tweet from its official account read. “If you have any queries please DM us and we will try our best to answer them.”
Figures obtained by the Guardian suggest that the increase may be linked to the looming referendum in June, revealing that the number of British-born people applying for Irish passports has risen sharply.
Only Irish citizens qualify for the documents but the country’s nationality law means that people can claim through marriage, naturalisation and descent.
Anyone with an Irish parent automatically qualifies, even if they were born abroad, and anyone with a grandparent born in Ireland can also apply, alongside those born in Northern Ireland.
The number of adults born in England, Scotland or Wales applying for their first Irish passport on the basis of having an Irish-born grandparent increased by more a third between 2014 and 2015, from 379 to 507, according to the Guardian’s figures.
What's the European Parliament ever done for us?
What's the European Parliament ever done for us?
1/5 A cap on the amount of hours an employer can make you work
The Working Time directive provides legal standards to ensure the health and safety of employees in Europe. Among the many rules are a working week of a maximum 48 hours, including overtime, a daily rest period of 11 hours in every 24, a break if a person works for six hours or more, and one day off in every seven. It also includes provisions for paid annual leave of at least four weeks every year
2/5 Helping the people of Britain to avoid smoking
In 2014 MEPs passed the Tobacco Products Directive strengthening existing rules on the manufacture, production and presentation of tobacco products. This includes things like reduced branding, restrictions on products containing flavoured tobacco, health warnings on cigarette packets and provisions for e-cigarettes to ensure they are safe
3/5 Helping you to make the right choices with your food
Thanks to the European Parliament, UK consumers have access to more information than ever about their food and drink. This includes amount of fat, and how much of it is saturated, carbohydrates, sugars, protein and so on. It also includes portion sizes and guideline daily amount information so people can make informed choices about their diet. All facts must be clear and easy to understand
4/5 Two year guarantees and 14-day returns policy for all products
Consumers across the EU have access to a number of rights, from things which are potentially very useful, to things which used to be annoying. For example, shoppers in the UK receive a two-year guarantee on all products, and a 14-day period to change their minds and return a purchase, these things are useful
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5/5 Keeping your air nice and fresh (and safe)
Believe it or not, although the situation is improving, some areas of the UK have appalling air quality. A report by the Royal College of Physicians released on 23 February says 40,000 deaths are caused by outdoor air pollution in the UK every year. Air pollution is linked to a number of illnesses and conditions, from Asthma to diabetes and dementia. The report estimates the costs to British business and the health service add up to £20 billion every year
Applications based on Irish parentage rose by 11 per cent in the same period, from 3,376 to 3,736.
Siobhan Mooney, who lives in London and has never even been to Ireland, told the newspaper she decided to apply for citizenship through her Irish-born grandfather because she was getting “quite panicky” at the possibility of Britain leaving the EU.
“I thought, well, if I get my Irish passport then at least if the UK is kicked out I’ve got some legal protection if I want to go and enjoy free movement in Europe,” she said, adding that she knew at least two other people considering the same course of action.
Despite its economic troubles and post Celtic Tiger decline, pro-EU feeling has remained strong in Ireland and the country is not expected to make any moves to copy its neighbour if Britain votes to leave the EU on 23 June.
The Irish foreign minister, Charlie Flanagan, said 2015 had been a “very busy year” for the passport service and expected demand to continue to grow.
Out of 669,806 Irish passports issued in the record year, up 6 per cent from 2014, and 68,416 applications were received through its London Passport Office.